August 25th, 2014
05:51 PM ET
1 in 7 suffer from sleep 'drunkenness'
Have you ever answered the phone in the morning to discover it was actually your alarm clock going off, or had a conversation in the middle of the night and woken up the next day with no recollection of it?
A new study suggests you are not alone. Researchers found many of us have had a similar experience in our lifetime.
The study, out Monday in the journal Neurology, says one in every seven people suffer from sleep "drunkenness" disorder, also called confusional arousal.
Confusional arousal is when a person wakes up and remains in a confused state for a certain period of time before either going back to sleep or fully waking up.
These episodes typically happen, according to the National Institutes of Health, when someone is awakened during non-rapid eye movement (REM) sleep, which is a deeper sleep period. And they're usually triggered by a forced awakening, like an alarm or phone call.
The study authors had more than 19,000 adults fill out a survey about their sleeping habits. They found 15.2% of the participants experienced one episode of confusional arousal during the past year.
Dr. Maurice Ohayon, lead study author and a sleep expert at Stanford University, was surprised by the substantial percentage. When he looked carefully, he says, he found over half of these participants have "confusional arousal one time or more a week, and that is considerable."
What's even more interesting, says Ohayon, is how long confusional arousal seems to last. While more than one third of the participants who experienced episodes once a week reported they lasted under 5 minutes, 32.3% of people said their episodes lasted between 5 and 15 minutes and 30% of people experienced episodes lasting 15 minutes or more.
If someone is experiencing these episodes, they need to let their doctors know, says Ohayon. An episode can cause violent behavior during sleep, according to the study.
"You can hurt yourself physically, hurt someone (else). You wake up irritable and possibly violent." He compares it to waking up in a hotel room - you don't know where you are or what hour it is, so your reaction or responses to the environment are not adapted.
Ohayon says shift workers, such as doctors or pilots, who nap during work and can be awakened suddenly, should block at least 15 minutes of time for their bodies to truly wake up before, say, taking command of a plane or making life-or-death decisions.
The study found that 84% of those with sleep drunkenness disorder also had another sleep disorder, a mental health disorder or were taking psychotropic drugs such as antidepressants. Less than 1% of the people with sleep drunkenness had no known cause or related condition.
Dr. David Alexander Schulman, director of the sleep lab at Emory University in Atlanta, says having these episodes isn't uncommon. "Fifteen percent sounds shocking," but when you think about it, most of us have had these type experiences.
One of the things that can make confusion arousal worse is sleep deprivation. Schulman says it's well known that American's don't sleep enough. "If you are getting less than 6 hours a night, and you are having confusional arousal, then the first thing you need to do is try getting more sleep," he says.
Schulman was skeptical of the number of participants whose episodes lasted more than 15 minutes. While he says these episodes can be common and often funny, most people don't continue to talk into the phone for 15 minutes when their alarm clock is going off.
"I'd be surprised if the episode lasted more than 15 minutes," he said. "That's one of the struggles with a subjective survey."
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Get a behind-the-scenes look at the latest stories from CNN Chief Medical Correspondent, Dr. Sanjay Gupta, Senior Medical Correspondent Elizabeth Cohen and the CNN Medical Unit producers. They'll share news and views on health and medical trends - info that will help you take better care of yourself and the people you love.
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But the country still has one of the highest mortality rates in the market
Swedish officials praised the achievements of the country's lockdown free coronavirus strategy on Tuesday, Saying the relaxed policies had helped slow the tranny of COVID 19.
"transmission is slowing down, dealing COVID 19 patients in intensive care is decreasing significantly, And the rising death toll curve has been flattened, Swedish alien Minister Ann Linde said at a press briefing.
But the wider picture of the country's coronavirus response is a bit more advanced.
Some Swedish experts have said the country's methods will eventually yield good success, whilst some have acknowledged serious pitfalls in the risky strategy.
Visit 's main page for more stories.
Swedish officials defended the country's lockdown free coronavirus strategy on Tuesday, Saying it had managed to slow the spread of COVID 19.
Sweden never issued a formal lockdown in step to the coronavirus pandemic. somewhat, The country's coronavirus model relies on personal duty and encourages citizens to stay home when they're sick and maintain social distancing when in public. Most agencies, diners, chunks, And schools have continued open, Though gatherings of more than 50 people were banned in late March.
At a press briefing in Stockholm on saturday, Foreign Minister Ann Linde touted the successes of the country's policies.
"tranny is slowing down, the treatment of COVID 19 patients in intensive care is decreasing significantly, And ever rising death toll curve has been flattened, She stated, depending on the. "wedding ceremony full lockdown of Sweden, But many parts of the Swedish society have power down,
But the wider picture of the country's coronavirus response is a bit more advanced.
As of mondy, Sweden had recorded during 34,440 events and 4,125 demise. the country's unemployment rate stands at 7.9% and is expected to go to rise.
And figures from our world In Data, An online research publication based at the University of Oxford, stated that Sweden recorded the most coronavirus deaths in Europe per capita over the seven days from May 12 to May 19.
He predicted that Sweden's case count and death toll would continue to rise in the coming weeks but said the actual was "On the incline,
"When close to with a lockdown open up, it is possible to get their cases, he explained.
Other Swedish officials have recognized serious shortfalls in the risky strategy.
having April, at least 2,000 Swedish scientists signed open slavic women dating letters urging the actual to reconsider a lockdown.
Sweden's former state epidemiologist Annika Linde told the local newspaper Dagens Nyheter on Tuesday that the nation's coronavirus response "Maybe has not been the smartest in every respect,
"If we had immediately over again, I think we should have imposed significantly tougher restrictions from the beginning, She told the place. "We ought to have known how underprepared we were in healthcare, And elder care. A shutdown could have given us the opportunity to prepare ourselves, Think things from, And radically slow the spread of infection,
Sweden's foreign minister established criticism of Sweden's policies in her Tuesday briefing and encouraged experts to continue to voice their opinions.
"we've freedom of speech in Sweden, She acknowledged.
motionless, She remained confident that Sweden's actions would cultivate success in curbing the virus over the years.
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