home
RSS
Study: Signs of autism may show up as early as first month
As part of the study, researchers tracked babies and toddlers' responses to videos showing actresses playing a caregiver.
November 6th, 2013
02:11 PM ET

Study: Signs of autism may show up as early as first month

The first signs of autism may be visible as early as the first month of a child's life, according to a study published Wednesday in the scientific journal Nature.

"These are the earliest signs of autism ever observed," says lead study author Warren Jones.

Researchers at the Marcus Autism Center in Atlanta followed 110 children from birth to age 3, at which point a diagnosis of autism was ascertained. Fifty-nine babies were considered "high risk" for developing an autism spectrum disorder (ASD) because they had siblings with autism; 51 were considered "low risk" because they did not have first, second or third-degree relatives with ASD.

Data was collected at 2, 3, 4 ,5, 6, 9, 12, 15 and 24 months of age. Each time, the children watched videos showing actresses playing the role of a caregiver. "Every baby watched the same videos, and then we could measure what was different about the responses of infants later diagnosed with autism versus infants who were typically-developing," Jones says.

Lack of eye contact is one of the red flags when it comes to autism - a group of neurodevelopmental disorders that can cause significant social, communication and behavioral challenges.

Jones, who is the director of research at Marcus Autism Center and assistant professor in the Department of Pediatrics at Emory University School of Medicine, says he really expected the children later diagnosed with autism would have diminished eye contact from birth. Instead, he and his colleagues measures how much time each baby was looking at the eyes of the caregiver in the video.

"Basically from birth, (all) babies will look more at the eye part of faces," says Jones. But at about 4 to 6 weeks, he says the attention to eyes decreases, then in typical babies picks up again at 2 months. Jones found, "in the first 6 months of life we're seeing a decline in the amount of looking at other people's eyes in children who later are diagnosed with autism."

The research suggests that a baby's initial eye contact ability may be an almost a reflex-like behavior, but then there may be a second phase of development that depends on different brain and gene systems which lead to social interaction, Jones says. That's where a typically developing child's development may differ from a child with autism.

The study authors conclude that "the observation of this decline in eye fixation - rather than outright absence - offers a promising opportunity for early intervention."

This is not something parents are going to see by just holding their baby, Jones points out.  This type of eye-tracking requires sophisticated technology that can track even the slightest movement of the eye.

"It's a very interesting study with intriguing results. " says Wendy Stone, a longtime autism researcher and director of the Research in Early Autism Detection & Intervention (READI) lab at the University of Washington. But, she adds, "many researchers in this field have not seen behaviors under 6 months to be predictive of later diagnosis."

She also cautions that babies looking at videos of their mothers are not the same as the actual stimuli created by a mom interacting with her baby. "Are these babies less interested in eyes because mouths are more interesting to look at and more attractive because there's more movements? To me that's one of the big questions," says Stone.

Dr. Max Wiznitzer, a pediatric neurologist and autism specialist at the Rainbow and Babies Children's Hospital in Cleveland, Ohio, says this new study is a continuation of previous work in babies. He says this research makes sense to him. "There's a decrease in the amount of attention to eyes as an early marker of social behavior (think of it as a primitive level of socialization)." Wiznitzer suggests the failure to establish these early social skills has ramifications later as "social behavior shifts into more sophisticated patterns."

If this research bears out, then maybe at some point a pediatric practice could track eye movements as one way to diagnose a child with autism, says Stone. "But we're really, really far away from that."

Wiznitzer says this may explain why the autism symptoms may be more apparent at 18 to 24 months, "even though 'subclinical' onset was months earlier." He also suggests these study results may offer another explanation why the measles, mumps and rubella vaccine, which isn't administered until a baby is at least 12 months old, cannot be blamed for causing autism.

Everyone agrees this research needs to be replicated in bigger studies with more children, Wiznitzer says. "The authors are correct that a replication study using a larger number (of children) is necessary. Before that time, I would not devote extensive resources towards assessing eye attention in infants or designing major intervention programs."

Jones says, "what we really want to do is create growth charts for social behavior, just like we have growth charts for charting a child's height and weight." He says these those are the kind of tools that pediatricians need and parents are looking for.


soundoff (1,697 Responses)
  1. Dotty Rohlman

    Interested in more information. How can I contact you?

    https://chrok1.blogspot.com

    January 7, 2021 at 21:02 | Report abuse | Reply
  2. Sondra Houzah

    One more thing. I think that there are lots of travel insurance web sites of dependable companies that allow you to enter holiday details to get you the insurance quotes. You can also purchase the actual international travel insurance policy on the internet by using your own credit card. Everything you need to do is to enter the travel specifics and you can begin to see the plans side-by-side. Only find the package that suits your budget and needs and after that use your bank credit card to buy it. Travel insurance on the web is a good way to do investigation for a reliable company pertaining to international travel cover. Thanks for giving your ideas.

    https://Dreamproxies.com/buy-proxies/200-private-proxies

    January 7, 2021 at 23:15 | Report abuse | Reply
  3. JtmfEncox

    pharmacy canada pharmacy online canada pharmacy

    January 8, 2021 at 14:30 | Report abuse | Reply
  4. AqwsEncox

    drugs from canada pharmacies near me best drugstore lipstick

    January 8, 2021 at 19:39 | Report abuse | Reply
  5. LokuEncox

    cheap viagra online canadian pharmacy family pharmacy medicine for erectile

    January 9, 2021 at 05:34 | Report abuse | Reply
  6. FgvdZisse

    ed pills that work quickly best drug store primer erectile dysfunction

    January 11, 2021 at 06:50 | Report abuse | Reply
  7. FwsxEncox

    best online pharmacy online pharmacy drugstore canadian drug pharmacy

    January 11, 2021 at 13:58 | Report abuse | Reply
  8. JlloCrulk

    best drugstore foundation drug store near me best drugstore liquid eyeliner

    January 11, 2021 at 14:44 | Report abuse | Reply
  9. Denis Zajicek

    Great blog, thanks for the thoughtful post! Please check out my blog as well and let me know how mine is! Thanks!

    http://yourmatrixcashmachine.com

    January 11, 2021 at 23:47 | Report abuse | Reply
  10. NllpZisse

    canadian pharmacies online http://pharmacy-onlineasxs.com/ best drugstore face moisturizer

    January 12, 2021 at 01:55 | Report abuse | Reply
  11. KhthMile

    pharmacy in canada longs drug store ed pills online

    January 12, 2021 at 10:47 | Report abuse | Reply
  12. FgnhZisse

    generic viagra soft tabs buy viagra without prescription viagra and headaches buyu viagra online quick viagra viagra sale uk cheapest pharmacy gold coast viagra viagra generic viagra by mail viagra and grapefruit viagra and cialis discount viagra 100 mg best price viagra no prescription overnight viagra alternative over the counter viagra

    January 15, 2021 at 10:10 | Report abuse | Reply
  13. JvcxCrulk

    buy viagra us cheap viagra viagra canada paypal viagra 50mg can i buy viagra online without percription viagra doctor samples diabetes and viagra where to buy viagra online low price viagra viagra toronto headquarters viagra with paypal payment viagra 50mg reviews buy viagra in australia online viagra mg dose viagra super overnight

    January 15, 2021 at 14:01 | Report abuse | Reply
  14. NlbxZisse

    free generic viagra samples hard on pills viagra viagra trial sample viagra australia website viagra in mexico over the counter best prices on viagra buy viagra usa military viagra i want buy viagra in mumbai wats rate wo is shop 25 mg generic viagra order viagra online from canada australia online pharmacy no prescription viagra buy brand viagra canada order viagra no prescription viagra for sale

    January 16, 2021 at 04:51 | Report abuse | Reply
  15. KlioMile

    viagra onlone overnight shipping on viagra genetic viagra viagra store in uae viagra wiki herbal viagra duro fast working viagra how to take viagra do u have to have a prescription to get viagra in onatrio cheap viagra next day delivery canada viagra overnight where can i get viagra shipped overnight compare generic viagra prices viagra nline discount viagra usa

    January 17, 2021 at 11:51 | Report abuse | Reply
  16. JbdcEncox

    viagra persription viagra testosterone generic viagra australia online http://llviabest.com/ – viagraonlineaustralia ’

    January 18, 2021 at 10:15 | Report abuse | Reply
  17. Wilburn Kimminau

    When some one searches for his required thing, therefore he/she wants to be available that in detail, thus that thing is maintained over here.

    https://m.chork.net/watch?vid=b93a53d08

    January 18, 2021 at 13:30 | Report abuse | Reply
  18. AqbvEncox

    viagra online pharmacy australia walmart viagra cost how much does viagra cost with health insurance http://acialaarx.com/ – buy viagra thailand ’

    January 18, 2021 at 14:50 | Report abuse | Reply
  19. LcxEncox

    buy viagra online without a prescription with overnight delivery can i buy viagra without a prescription viagra with dapoxetine fast delivery http://genqpviag.com/ – viagra triangle te ’

    January 19, 2021 at 00:51 | Report abuse | Reply
  20. FbdhZisse

    cialis black brand best prices for cialis cialis without prescriptions http://21cialismen.com/ – buy cialis c5 ’

    January 20, 2021 at 10:57 | Report abuse | Reply
  21. JvcbxCrulk

    cialis 20mg sell mex rx cialis cialis .uk [url=http://phrcialiled.com/]cialis no prescription[/url] ’

    January 20, 2021 at 13:46 | Report abuse | Reply
  22. NlbxZisse

    all cialis drug original prices which is better cialis or levitra cialis 20 mg cost http://cialijomen.com/ – cialis professionel ’

    January 21, 2021 at 05:31 | Report abuse | Reply
  23. KbctMile

    cialis20mg cialis professionals brand cialis us http://mycialedst.com/ – pictures of penis on cialis ’

    January 22, 2021 at 06:11 | Report abuse | Reply
  24. Harmaneez

    seeing in the actual brand new Millenium

    during the last 20 some time the public presence together with going has used a number of notable improvements. traditional methods of Latina brides for marriage locating a date is generally be reliant upon shut friends agressively play matchmaker or to wait nuggets, many different social presentations and / or functions. we now rely on internet companies to spread out the specific panels to achieve devotion. Whether our staff members as if it you aren't, the net shows revised we live especially in how we dating and even provide for others.

    persons have carried certain consider enjoy the on-line world simply because it is the easiest by way of time and money. stated, in addition to this ease of access in addition are available opportunity. Sure it's going to take pressure on your way humorous pointed conversing, just how much satisfaction may be that? And how can if the person who you are addressing signifies "text messages" actuality looks comparable to their situation properly carries all top noteworthy characteristics that they say they undoubtedly? it's hard to look at their body gesture to determine frauds respectable, dull or the main thing that they have fun, and that is essentially most importantly an important interaction and communication you offer soul mate you are looking for.

    this is why in the striving to bring about factors more effectively; there happens to be blend the actual meets technologically advanced. it's known as quickness escort; this idea have the demand of our fast paced their communities whilst still being supplies the option to meet someone face to face. It's an excellent way of getting a large amount of people in an excellent destination as well as a condensed time period. speed getting to know often is the new way to also wedding reception first court, want to assist time-honored going on a date methods to be certain that your marital life swells.

    frequenting single women companies in past times was formerly looked at as an act on incongruity but explain how it works have gotten less unconventional. these kind of occasions have been harvesting in craze since today we like to meet up with people. pretty much nothing heart beats a ecstatic relationship as there is no smarter means of advantages of someone compared with on the lookout those in the attention and looking a question.

    really the only gaffe others en is because they want perfectand they need it efficient. the only method to find your correct will often fit is to spend some time and put on your own to be found as much as possible. several will go to a tavern and hover close by expecting to stay accomplished, and also take up lots of solution braveness to being able to do the coming up to. tiny hintno you find drunken everyday people outstanding.

    single men and women people and race personals demonstrations are for triggered fed up with standing up available notches to get no someplace and for individuals that want to analyze shoppers one on one. At all those proceedings you've got wiped out 3 opportunities risk: is he or she single? could they be looking to undertake a connection? And is he or she designed to satisfying me? It is not to say you must come to these ordeals to pay a friend, It is simply the best way of doing this.

    January 22, 2021 at 07:45 | Report abuse | Reply
  25. AhmdEncox

    generic cialis professional cheapest 10mg cialis cialis dosage recommend http://cialmenshoprx.com/ – original cialis ’

    January 23, 2021 at 10:15 | Report abuse | Reply
  26. JnhCrulk

    canadian pharmacy cialis cialis black 800mg how to obtain cialis http://loncialis.com/ – how can i get cialis fast ’

    January 25, 2021 at 00:33 | Report abuse | Reply
  27. FbgZisse

    jpg viagra prescription viagra dapoxetine online who has the best deal on viagra generic https://canadianpharmacy-usx.com/organic.htm – cheep viagra ’

    January 25, 2021 at 06:08 | Report abuse | Reply
  28. NmilZisse

    viagra cialis trail pack best viagra online sites viagra by pills http://xz-pharmacyonline.com/en/career-opportunities.html – samples viagra ’

    January 26, 2021 at 00:56 | Report abuse | Reply
  29. FmfvEncox

    tadafil cialis cialis withouth prescriptiong cialisfree pills http://sjcialis.com/ – cialis for women dosage ’

    January 26, 2021 at 02:22 | Report abuse | Reply
  30. KbbtMile

    generic cialis fast shipping costco online pharmacy 365 pills viagra cialis professional https://xz-pharmacyonline.com – Elavil ’

    January 26, 2021 at 14:40 | Report abuse | Reply
  31. froleprotrem

    Hiya, I'm really glad I have found this information. Today bloggers publish just about gossips and net and this is really irritating. A good website with exciting content, this is what I need. Thank you for keeping this website, I will be visiting it. Do you do newsletters? Can't find it.

    http://www.froleprotrem.com/

    January 26, 2021 at 21:08 | Report abuse | Reply
  32. Boscotlf

    10 pertaining to senior citizens personals

    First goes may well uncomfortable situation but they can be painfully embarrassed most likeyl have. in that case,how interact with the idea? are 10 ideas to help you and your big date get moving now as easy as is practical:

    1. create your site. you should not run into at one another's household. Just for those who like to end this particular night out very early, You'll have the option of getting out of neither notice ensnared. you can also not to spacious oneself forward for our desire to invite your woo in. safety factors are also a huge concern to bear in mind. getting your own motor vehicle helps to verify regarding. you don't need your actual agreed delivery date knowing where you reside, particularly when it wasn't a sexy undertaking. which supports to avoid to start dating,to start a date growing to be a harassment headache.

    4. womens, cannot slip on any product attention grabbing and / or much too sexual. the appears to be an old clich however impressions preceding. your amazing the present day am not going to comprehend almost everything in regards to you except how you look and how you take action. He normally requires you at expectations value on top of that granting him the wrong outcome on what type of end user you're not necessarily something you want to do.

    5. make sure you wear little black dress that you positive and you are comfortable applying. it would be comfy quite enough not getting upset that tightness just as much as your primary waist or use the itchy necktie.

    6. guys, Try to be precise around what your location is going for the encounter. this will make the result easier therefore it cooks your incredible marry for what to anticipate and getting a great look. wearing a alcoholic drink garment to a take out restaurant certainly an set up!

    7. inquire your new consort with related to himself/herself. your fixation on knowing our evening is an excellent for sale sign to point out to. suggests you want to learn latamdate.com that's about and thus remember your dating as a worthwhile man. keep in mind, The most interesting conversationalists include the who question some. super ideas tend to execute, hobbies as well as fitness. equally ensure light weight then conversational.

    8. never overdo the parfum and also cologne. since well sturdy since the smell is incredibly drawing attention. It's very hard to complete an balancing if you're consort with is certainly dazed by the smell.

    9. mouth wash is actually essential. furthermore, painting brush their teeth but allow a set of two mints if on your table out.

    10. And always remember. wonderful and be yourself! As you can view pertaining to aging adults Dating is not very distinct from almost every other dating tips. aging adults really are families exceedingly! this also codes try to find all.

    January 27, 2021 at 09:21 | Report abuse | Reply
  33. Tarsha Barrois

    Best Marketing Services – Cheapest on Market. SMM Supreme is the Top 5 Best Social Media Website in the World. Best Quality-Price Ratio on the market with 714,928 orders until now. – Facebook Fan Page Likes for $4.50/1000 – Instagram Followers for $0.78/1000 – Youtube Views: $1.62/1000 – Twitter followers: $2.10/1000 – Paypal Deposit – Bitcoin Deposit – Fast order processing – 1 Hour Delivery (Click on the link in the profile for more details)

    https://bit.ly/3iYGuRO

    January 27, 2021 at 12:14 | Report abuse | Reply
  34. Yang Lovecchio

    Do you want get more social network traffic, likes, subscribers? Our Company provide SMM Services that means (Social Media Marketing) that is directly using social network websites such as Twitter, Facebook, and LinkedIn to promote a website. High Quality Services / Our prices are the cheapest in the market, starting at $0.01 / 24/7 Support / API Support for panel leaders / Best prices

    https://bit.ly/2Hnl7vE

    January 27, 2021 at 23:22 | Report abuse | Reply
  35. Carey Herdes

    Hi this is kinda of off topic but I was wanting to know if blogs use WYSIWYG editors or if you have to manually code with HTML. I'm starting a blog soon but have no coding knowledge so I wanted to get advice from someone with experience. Any help would be greatly appreciated!

    https://extraproxies.com/buy-proxies/100-proxy-pack

    January 27, 2021 at 23:35 | Report abuse | Reply
  36. frolep rotrem

    You made some respectable points there. I appeared on the web for the issue and located most people will go together with with your website.

    http://www.froleprotrem.com/

    January 28, 2021 at 01:26 | Report abuse | Reply
  37. AhmdEncox

    cialis use in dogs navarro pharmacy miami viagra/cialis packs https://impotencecdny.com/ – Viagra Oral Jelly ’

    January 28, 2021 at 16:33 | Report abuse | Reply
  38. Ferdinand Roosa

    I have recently started a blog, the information you offer on this site has helped me greatly. Thank you for all of your time & work. "The very ink with which history is written is merely fluid prejudice." by Mark Twain.

    https://www.electricpercolatorcoffeepot.com/10-top-coffee-bloggers/

    January 28, 2021 at 22:08 | Report abuse | Reply
  39. JnscCrulk

    viagra denmark viagra in egypt getting viagra in bc http://erectilejyzd.com/index.php?called=terms – how can i get cheaper viagra ’

    January 30, 2021 at 07:11 | Report abuse | Reply
  40. FhnhZisse

    modafinil online pharmacy online order medicine canadian pharmacies online https://canadianpharmacy-yy.com/ – canada pharmacy online orders ’

    January 30, 2021 at 12:28 | Report abuse | Reply
  41. Build Your Own Landing Pages

    Get Our Passive Income System – Step 1: Get our ready made niche websites, Step 2: Run our Premium Unlimited Traffic Step 3: Setup your Paypal account. Then just sit back and relax while you watch your paypal account receiving payments during the whole day 100 in auto pilot. More info: https://www.k3reviews.com/2020/08/16/monster-mode-700k/

    https://bitly.com/2qChAkX

    January 30, 2021 at 21:30 | Report abuse | Reply
  42. NgscZisse

    where can i buy viagra canada generic viagra south africa viagra for woman http://canadianpharmacy-yy.com/Fitness/how-to-get-a-six-pack.html – sildenafil 100mg free shipping ’

    January 31, 2021 at 07:01 | Report abuse | Reply
  43. FmnfEncox

    low dose cialis generic cialis from india safe drug categories viagra cialis https://impotencecdny.com/info/history.php – cialis. ’

    January 31, 2021 at 09:22 | Report abuse | Reply
  44. KbbgMile

    differences between viagra levitra and viagra Viagra Professional viagra В® for daily use http://erectilejyzd.com/ – canadadrugs ’

    January 31, 2021 at 20:38 | Report abuse | Reply
  45. Oliver Vallieres

    This is a very interesting article. Please, share more like this!

    https://yt1s.com

    February 1, 2021 at 08:48 | Report abuse | Reply
  46. Yuriko Kops

    This is a very interesting article. Please, share more like this!

    https://yt1s.com/facebook-downloader

    February 1, 2021 at 11:53 | Report abuse | Reply
  47. KbcxMile

    legitimate canadian mail order pharmacies canadian meds pharmacy online no prescription

    February 3, 2021 at 14:49 | Report abuse | Reply
  48. froleprotrem

    I appreciate, cause I found just what I was looking for. You have ended my 4 day long hunt! God Bless you man. Have a great day. Bye

    http://www.froleprotrem.com/

    February 4, 2021 at 17:32 | Report abuse | Reply
  49. LbsxEncox

    no 1 canadian pharcharmy online viagra online australia paypal best canadian online pharmacy

    February 4, 2021 at 18:59 | Report abuse | Reply
  50. FqhhEncox

    no 1 canadian pharcharmy online online pharmacy without scripts buy prescription drugs without doctor

    February 5, 2021 at 01:57 | Report abuse | Reply
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33

Leave a Reply to JnhCrulk


 

CNN welcomes a lively and courteous discussion as long as you follow the Rules of Conduct set forth in our Terms of Service. Comments are not pre-screened before they post. You agree that anything you post may be used, along with your name and profile picture, in accordance with our Privacy Policy and the license you have granted pursuant to our Terms of Service.

Advertisement
About this blog

Get a behind-the-scenes look at the latest stories from CNN Chief Medical Correspondent, Dr. Sanjay Gupta, Senior Medical Correspondent Elizabeth Cohen and the CNN Medical Unit producers. They'll share news and views on health and medical trends - info that will help you take better care of yourself and the people you love.