home
RSS
Study: Signs of autism may show up as early as first month
As part of the study, researchers tracked babies and toddlers' responses to videos showing actresses playing a caregiver.
November 6th, 2013
02:11 PM ET

Study: Signs of autism may show up as early as first month

The first signs of autism may be visible as early as the first month of a child's life, according to a study published Wednesday in the scientific journal Nature.

"These are the earliest signs of autism ever observed," says lead study author Warren Jones.

Researchers at the Marcus Autism Center in Atlanta followed 110 children from birth to age 3, at which point a diagnosis of autism was ascertained. Fifty-nine babies were considered "high risk" for developing an autism spectrum disorder (ASD) because they had siblings with autism; 51 were considered "low risk" because they did not have first, second or third-degree relatives with ASD.

Data was collected at 2, 3, 4 ,5, 6, 9, 12, 15 and 24 months of age. Each time, the children watched videos showing actresses playing the role of a caregiver. "Every baby watched the same videos, and then we could measure what was different about the responses of infants later diagnosed with autism versus infants who were typically-developing," Jones says.

Lack of eye contact is one of the red flags when it comes to autism - a group of neurodevelopmental disorders that can cause significant social, communication and behavioral challenges.

Jones, who is the director of research at Marcus Autism Center and assistant professor in the Department of Pediatrics at Emory University School of Medicine, says he really expected the children later diagnosed with autism would have diminished eye contact from birth. Instead, he and his colleagues measures how much time each baby was looking at the eyes of the caregiver in the video.

"Basically from birth, (all) babies will look more at the eye part of faces," says Jones. But at about 4 to 6 weeks, he says the attention to eyes decreases, then in typical babies picks up again at 2 months. Jones found, "in the first 6 months of life we're seeing a decline in the amount of looking at other people's eyes in children who later are diagnosed with autism."

The research suggests that a baby's initial eye contact ability may be an almost a reflex-like behavior, but then there may be a second phase of development that depends on different brain and gene systems which lead to social interaction, Jones says. That's where a typically developing child's development may differ from a child with autism.

The study authors conclude that "the observation of this decline in eye fixation - rather than outright absence - offers a promising opportunity for early intervention."

This is not something parents are going to see by just holding their baby, Jones points out.  This type of eye-tracking requires sophisticated technology that can track even the slightest movement of the eye.

"It's a very interesting study with intriguing results. " says Wendy Stone, a longtime autism researcher and director of the Research in Early Autism Detection & Intervention (READI) lab at the University of Washington. But, she adds, "many researchers in this field have not seen behaviors under 6 months to be predictive of later diagnosis."

She also cautions that babies looking at videos of their mothers are not the same as the actual stimuli created by a mom interacting with her baby. "Are these babies less interested in eyes because mouths are more interesting to look at and more attractive because there's more movements? To me that's one of the big questions," says Stone.

Dr. Max Wiznitzer, a pediatric neurologist and autism specialist at the Rainbow and Babies Children's Hospital in Cleveland, Ohio, says this new study is a continuation of previous work in babies. He says this research makes sense to him. "There's a decrease in the amount of attention to eyes as an early marker of social behavior (think of it as a primitive level of socialization)." Wiznitzer suggests the failure to establish these early social skills has ramifications later as "social behavior shifts into more sophisticated patterns."

If this research bears out, then maybe at some point a pediatric practice could track eye movements as one way to diagnose a child with autism, says Stone. "But we're really, really far away from that."

Wiznitzer says this may explain why the autism symptoms may be more apparent at 18 to 24 months, "even though 'subclinical' onset was months earlier." He also suggests these study results may offer another explanation why the measles, mumps and rubella vaccine, which isn't administered until a baby is at least 12 months old, cannot be blamed for causing autism.

Everyone agrees this research needs to be replicated in bigger studies with more children, Wiznitzer says. "The authors are correct that a replication study using a larger number (of children) is necessary. Before that time, I would not devote extensive resources towards assessing eye attention in infants or designing major intervention programs."

Jones says, "what we really want to do is create growth charts for social behavior, just like we have growth charts for charting a child's height and weight." He says these those are the kind of tools that pediatricians need and parents are looking for.


soundoff (1,697 Responses)
  1. Handicap Van Ramp Repair

    Good day! I simply would like to offer you a big thumbs up for the great information you've got right here on this post. I'll be coming back to your web site for more soon.

    http://maps.google.com.pg/url?q=http://sprintervanrepair.com

    June 4, 2021 at 10:05 | Report abuse | Reply
  2. EncoxGtv

    buying prescription drugs in mexico online buy viagra online canadian pharmacy birth control pills online pharmacy

    June 4, 2021 at 11:27 | Report abuse | Reply
  3. Mercedes Sprinter Van 2015 3500 Repair

    http://www.cnxz.cn/redirect.php?url=https://ocrvart.com/

    June 4, 2021 at 14:05 | Report abuse | Reply
  4. Sprinter Black Death Repair

    Very good information. Lucky me I recently found your website by accident (stumbleupon). I have saved as a favorite for later!

    https://mitsui-shopping-park.com/lalaport/iwata/redirect.html?url=https://ocrvcenter.mobi/rv-repair-shop-twentynine-palms-california

    June 4, 2021 at 15:01 | Report abuse | Reply
  5. jobs hiring near me

    http://atomicbzzz.com/__media__/js/netsoltrademark.php?d=www.wholesalenearme.com/

    June 4, 2021 at 15:04 | Report abuse | Reply
  6. Sprinter Van Service Near Me

    I used to be able to find good information from your blog articles.

    http://winecountrylavender.com/__media__/js/netsoltrademark.php?d=www.sprintervanrepair.com

    June 4, 2021 at 15:26 | Report abuse | Reply
  7. Van Repair Near Me

    https://www.secure-res.com/rdx.asp?goto=http://sprintervanrepair.com&orig=GOOsbh

    June 4, 2021 at 16:17 | Report abuse | Reply
  8. 2011 Mercedes Sprinter Rv Repair

    Wonderful article! We are linking to this great content on our site. Keep up the good writing.

    http://mahalodrink.biz/__media__/js/netsoltrademark.php?d=ocrvpaintandservice.com/

    June 4, 2021 at 18:41 | Report abuse | Reply
  9. camper frame repair

    Your style is so unique compared to other folks I've read stuff from. Thanks for posting when you have the opportunity, Guess I'll just book mark this blog.

    http://icons.showingtime.com/rd/RD?c=REALTORCOM&s=FMREALTY&url=ocrvandtrucks.com/rv-repair-shop-cathedral-city-california

    June 4, 2021 at 19:57 | Report abuse | Reply
  10. pizza near me

    http://www.cagpurified.com/__media__/js/netsoltrademark.php?d=masternearme.com

    June 4, 2021 at 19:59 | Report abuse | Reply
  11. Van Auto Repair

    Everything is very open with a really clear explanation of the challenges. It was truly informative. Your site is extremely helpful. Many thanks for sharing!

    http://758789.com/__media__/js/netsoltrademark.php?d=sprintervanrepairnearme.com/

    June 4, 2021 at 20:43 | Report abuse | Reply
  12. one stop shoppe

    http://zanostroy.ru/go?url=https://ocrv.club/

    June 4, 2021 at 21:57 | Report abuse | Reply
  13. EncoxGtv

    online pharmacy 365 clayman pharmacy canada quality rx pharmacy

    June 5, 2021 at 00:55 | Report abuse | Reply
  14. http://eask3then.me

    Attractive component to content. I simply stumbled upon your
    web site and in accession capital to say that I get actually
    loved account your blog posts. Any way I will be subscribing on your feeds
    and even I success you access persistently quickly.

    June 5, 2021 at 02:03 | Report abuse | Reply
  15. Mercedes Benz Sprinter Repair Shop

    Very good article. I definitely appreciate this site. Continue the good work!

    http://www.serioussatellite.com/__media__/js/netsoltrademark.php?d=www.sprintervanrepairnearme.com/

    June 5, 2021 at 04:26 | Report abuse | Reply
  16. RV Repair Center Near Me

    https://click.start.me/?url=https://ocrv.vip/rv-repair-shop-san-gabriel-california

    June 5, 2021 at 04:27 | Report abuse | Reply
  17. dollar tree near me

    Howdy! I could have sworn Iíve been to this website before but after browsing through some of the posts I realized itís new to me. Anyways, Iím certainly pleased I came across it and Iíll be bookmarking it and checking back regularly!

    http://www.travelinsurers.com/__media__/js/netsoltrademark.php?d=bestservicenearme.com/

    June 5, 2021 at 04:40 | Report abuse | Reply
  18. solar installation orange county

    http://kebrt.webz.cz/download.php?url=https://ocrvandtrucks.com/

    June 5, 2021 at 05:24 | Report abuse | Reply
  19. Chevy Express Van Repair

    http://freeresultsguide.com/__media__/js/netsoltrademark.php?d=sprintervanrepairnearme.com

    June 5, 2021 at 11:11 | Report abuse | Reply
  20. rv sales orange county ca

    http://shp.hu/hpc_uj/click.php?ml=5&url=https://ocrvcenter.info/rv-repair-shop-national-city-california

    June 5, 2021 at 11:45 | Report abuse | Reply
  21. music store near me

    There is certainly a lot to know about this topic. I like all of the points you've made.

    http://i-hate-michaels-crafts.com/__media__/js/netsoltrademark.php?d=bulknearme.com/

    June 5, 2021 at 12:25 | Report abuse | Reply
  22. Content Marketing Agencies

    http://stanko.tw1.ru/redirect.php?url=https://www.seopostfalls.com/

    June 5, 2021 at 13:13 | Report abuse | Reply
  23. 2003 Dodge Sprinter Repair

    Greetings! Very helpful advice within this article! It's the little changes which will make the most important changes. Many thanks for sharing!

    http://www.sunlightmktg.com/__media__/js/netsoltrademark.php?d=sprintervanrepair.com/

    June 5, 2021 at 15:04 | Report abuse | Reply
  24. watch repair san clemente

    http://sns.lilyenglish.com/link.php?url=http://ocrvmotorsports.com

    June 5, 2021 at 20:19 | Report abuse | Reply
  25. Roof Mounted A/C Leak Repair On Sprinter Van

    https://www.glorioustronics.com/redirect.php?link=https://sprinterrepairnearme.com

    June 5, 2021 at 22:43 | Report abuse | Reply
  26. collision repair shops near me

    https://worldlunghealth2020.theunion.org/index/out/?type=sponsor&url=http://ocrv.biz/rv-repair-shop-del-mar-california

    June 5, 2021 at 23:32 | Report abuse | Reply
  27. king soopers near me

    Your style is so unique in comparison to other people I've read stuff from. I appreciate you for posting when you have the opportunity, Guess I will just bookmark this page.

    https://go.xscript.ir/index.php?url=https://quotenearme.com

    June 6, 2021 at 02:41 | Report abuse | Reply
  28. Faye Traff

    This was great! I would like you to clean up all this spam though

    https://www.linkedin.com/in/yusufhanafy

    June 6, 2021 at 06:06 | Report abuse | Reply
  29. Mercedes Benz Sprinter Repair

    http://www.madapat.com/__media__/js/netsoltrademark.php?d=www.sprintervanrepairnearme.com/

    June 6, 2021 at 08:35 | Report abuse | Reply
  30. Nercedes Sprinter Repair Near Me

    This website truly has all of the information I needed concerning this subject and didnít know who to ask.

    http://www.voiceofindia.com/__media__/js/netsoltrademark.php?d=sprintervanrepairnearme.com

    June 6, 2021 at 10:15 | Report abuse | Reply
  31. couches orange county

    After going over a handful of the blog articles on your site, I truly appreciate your technique of blogging. I saved it to my bookmark site list and will be checking back in the near future. Please visit my website as well and let me know how you feel.

    https://publishing.brookes.ac.uk/?URL=www.ocrvcenter.org/rv-repair-shop-colton-california

    June 6, 2021 at 11:10 | Report abuse | Reply
  32. ford dealerships near me

    http://2010.russianinternetweek.ru/bitrix/rk.php?goto=https://bestservicenearme.com

    June 6, 2021 at 18:07 | Report abuse | Reply
  33. rv repairman near me

    Itís hard to come by knowledgeable people for this subject, but you seem like you know what youíre talking about! Thanks

    http://bookr.com/__media__/js/netsoltrademark.php?d=newrvowners.com/

    June 7, 2021 at 01:19 | Report abuse | Reply
  34. Chevy Venture Van Repair

    https://jump.fan-site.biz/rank.cgi?mode=link&id=342&url=https://sprintervanrepair.com/

    June 7, 2021 at 02:16 | Report abuse | Reply
  35. Robena Mientka

    This was awesome! I would like you to clean up all this spam though

    https://www.linkedin.com/in/yusufhanafy

    June 7, 2021 at 06:07 | Report abuse | Reply
  36. Mercedes Sprinter Service Center Near Me

    bookmarked!!, I like your site!

    http://digitalbuzzblog.com/?wptouch_switch=desktop&redirect=http://ocrv.org/rv-repair-shop-duarte-california

    June 7, 2021 at 06:52 | Report abuse | Reply
  37. EncoxAni

    best 10 online canadian pharmacies remedies rx pharmacy legit mexican pharmacy

    June 7, 2021 at 17:42 | Report abuse | Reply
  38. MileSwa

    cialis coupons cialis daily elily best ed cialis pills

    June 7, 2021 at 22:53 | Report abuse | Reply
  39. vcm collision center

    Great information. Lucky me I ran across your site by chance (stumbleupon). I've book-marked it for later!

    http://gar86.tmweb.ru/bitrix/rk.php?goto=https://pozodeserpientes.com/solo-el-abc-de-sevilla-se-hace-eco-de-spiriman-vuelve-a-la-carga-y-reune-en-sevilla-a-miles-de-manifestantes-contra-la-corrupcion-sanitaria/comment-page-198/

    June 7, 2021 at 23:42 | Report abuse | Reply
  40. RV Awning California

    http://www.astro.wisc.edu/?URL=http://www.yarnbarn.com.sg/product/felted-basket/

    June 7, 2021 at 23:43 | Report abuse | Reply
  41. Mercedes Benz Sprinter Body Repair San Diego

    https://www.tinyportal.net/proxy.php?request=http://ocrv.mobi/rv-repair-shop-rancho-santa-margarita-california

    June 8, 2021 at 02:36 | Report abuse | Reply
  42. furniture repair in orange county ca

    There is certainly a lot to know about this topic. I love all the points you have made.

    http://f001.sublimestore.jp/trace.php?pr=default&aid=1&drf=13&bn=1&rd=http://ocrv.us/rv-remodeling-near-me

    June 8, 2021 at 04:39 | Report abuse | Reply
  43. collision experts lemon grove

    Very good blog post. I absolutely love this website. Stick with it!

    http://cs.odu.edu/~mln/teaching/cs751-s11/?method=display&redirect=http://coloredsun.com/portfolio/snack-box-s/

    June 8, 2021 at 05:36 | Report abuse | Reply
  44. RV Bay Doors Riverside

    Very good post! We are linking to this particularly great article on our site. Keep up the good writing.

    http://marcellusmatters.psu.edu/?URL=ingenieurleistungenreiter.de/index.php?option=com_phocaguestbook&view=phocaguestbook&id=1&Itemid=4&t=160&limitstart=23580

    June 8, 2021 at 05:42 | Report abuse | Reply
  45. ZisseVed

    how to get cialis prescription real cialis discount cialis 20 mg

    June 8, 2021 at 06:22 | Report abuse | Reply
  46. Sprinter Door Rust Repair

    http://sherlock.scribblelive.com/r?u=ocrv.pro/rv-repair-shop-irvine-california

    June 8, 2021 at 16:56 | Report abuse | Reply
  47. chloroquine side effects

    hydroxichlorquine buy chloroquine online canada hydroxycloroquine

    June 8, 2021 at 17:14 | Report abuse | Reply
  48. 2006 Sprinter Transmission Repair

    Your style is really unique compared to other people I have read stuff from. Thank you for posting when you've got the opportunity, Guess I will just book mark this blog.

    http://bd.jinti.com/Return/go.asp?mail_id=20170911jd&url=https://ocrv.art/rv-interior-remodel-near-me

    June 8, 2021 at 17:57 | Report abuse | Reply
  49. RV Remodeling Near Me

    I wanted to thank you for this very good read!! I definitely loved every little bit of it. I've got you book-marked to check out new stuff you postÖ

    http://oldtmt.vedomosti.ru/rss/toolbars/closeAd.php?backUrl=http://bonus-books.com/rv-repair-near-me-7/

    June 8, 2021 at 19:35 | Report abuse | Reply
  50. cialis

    cost tadalafil generic buy cialis tadalafil side effects

    June 8, 2021 at 22:40 | Report abuse | Reply
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33

Leave a Reply to Van Repair Near Me


 

CNN welcomes a lively and courteous discussion as long as you follow the Rules of Conduct set forth in our Terms of Service. Comments are not pre-screened before they post. You agree that anything you post may be used, along with your name and profile picture, in accordance with our Privacy Policy and the license you have granted pursuant to our Terms of Service.

Advertisement
About this blog

Get a behind-the-scenes look at the latest stories from CNN Chief Medical Correspondent, Dr. Sanjay Gupta, Senior Medical Correspondent Elizabeth Cohen and the CNN Medical Unit producers. They'll share news and views on health and medical trends - info that will help you take better care of yourself and the people you love.