Pertussis vaccine in teens may reduce infant hospitalizations
October 21st, 2013
03:13 PM ET

Pertussis vaccine in teens may reduce infant hospitalizations

More adolescents being vaccinated for pertussis appears to result in fewer pertussis-related hospitalizations in infants, according to a new study published in the journal Pediatrics.

"The number of hospitalizations in 2011 we observed were 30% of  what we would have expected had there not been a vaccine," says lead study author Dr. Katherine Auger, who also specializes in pediatric hospital patient care at Cincinnati Children's Hospital. "For every 10,000 infants, we saw 3.3 pertussis hospitalizations. We expected 10.7 hospitalizations had there not been a vaccine."

The study looked at hospitalization rates, using nationwide inpatient samples, and compared it to data before and after the so-called Tdap vaccination was recommended for universal administration to adolescents in 2006.

Also known as whooping cough, pertussis is a highly contagious and often serious disease, especially in young children. 

Whooping cough is preventable through vaccination, but newborns, who are the most vulnerable to the most serious side effects, can't get the first dose of vaccine until they are 2 months old. Then they need four more vaccinations before they turn 7 to get full protection. This is why young children are highly dependent on the people close to them to be vaccinated.

Last year, nearly 50,000 pertussis cases were reported to the CDC, including 18 deaths.  Fortunately, "overall reporting of pertussis has declined during 2013,"according to the CDC website.

Some studies show that half of the infants who contract pertussis got it from an older sibling, Auger said.

In 2005, a booster shot called Tdap was introduced for adolescents and adults. The booster shot builds up immunity against tetanus, diphtheria and pertussis and is recommended for 11- and 12-year-olds at regular check-ups. Adults can replace a dose of their regular tetanus-and-diphtheria shot, given every 10 years, with Tdap, but don't have to wait a decade, according to the CDC.

The vaccine "helps adolescents, but in turn, it indirectly protects babies even more," said Atlanta pediatrician Dr. Jennifer Shu. "Eleven-year-olds have to get a tetanus booster anyway, so (they) might as well get the one that has the whooping cough component in it." She adds, it's a "win-win situation and I don't see any major downsides."

The CDC also recommends that 13-18 year olds who haven't gotten the Tdap shot yet should talk with their parents and their doctor about getting it now.

Babies are the most vulnerable population for life-threatening pertussis. Dr. William Schaffner, head of the preventive medicine department at Vanderbilt University's medical school, says it was thought that by providing a cocoon-like environment for infants by vaccinating people who have contact with them would reduce their risk of getting whooping cough. "Now we have data that it works," he adds, "we have created another reinforcing reason to bring teens in for vaccination, not only against whooping cough but for other diseases as well."

Other ways to protect infants from pertussis include vaccinations for pregnant women. In 2012, a federal advisory committee recommended all pregnant women be immunized for pertussis or whooping cough. The committee says the vaccine should be administered during each pregnancy in the late second or third trimester (27 to 36 weeks gestation), regardless of whether the patient has had Tdap in the past. If that's not possible, the mother should receive the vaccine immediately after childbirth or before leaving the hospital or birthing center, the committee said.

The theory is that pregnant women can pass some of the protection from the vaccine across into the placenta onto the baby, Schaffner said, giving the infant some protection before it can be vaccinated.

Whooping cough may resemble a cold or flu in its symptoms. It begins with a cough and runny nose for one or two weeks. Rapid coughing fits, sometimes ending in a whooping sound, then last for weeks or months.

soundoff (690 Responses)
  1. marijuana dispensary near me

    Very nice blog post. I definitely appreciate this website. Keep writing!


    June 18, 2021 at 02:20 | Report abuse | Reply
  2. cricket near me


    June 18, 2021 at 04:18 | Report abuse | Reply
  3. arby's near me


    June 18, 2021 at 04:28 | Report abuse | Reply
  4. dentist near me


    June 18, 2021 at 05:07 | Report abuse | Reply
  5. thrift stores near me

    After going over a number of the articles on your site, I seriously like your technique of writing a blog. I saved it to my bookmark website list and will be checking back soon. Please visit my web site too and let me know your opinion.


    June 18, 2021 at 08:31 | Report abuse | Reply
  6. petsmart near me


    June 18, 2021 at 08:57 | Report abuse | Reply
  7. August Soto

    Have you ever heard of second life (sl for short). It is basically a online game where you can do anything you want. SL is literally my second life (pun intended lol). If you would like to see more you can see these second life authors and blogs


    June 18, 2021 at 10:37 | Report abuse | Reply
  8. RV Repair Shop


    June 18, 2021 at 11:00 | Report abuse | Reply
  9. RV Repair Near Me Now


    June 18, 2021 at 12:15 | Report abuse | Reply
  10. RV Repairs Near My Location


    June 18, 2021 at 14:42 | Report abuse | Reply
  11. residential bathroom remodeling

    Your style is very unique in comparison to other folks I've read stuff from. Thank you for posting when you have the opportunity, Guess I will just bookmark this site.


    June 18, 2021 at 16:07 | Report abuse | Reply
  12. Nearby RV Repair


    June 18, 2021 at 16:54 | Report abuse | Reply
  13. RV Repair Shop

    This is a good tip particularly to those fresh to the blogosphere. Simple but very accurate informationÖ Thanks for sharing this one. A must read article!


    June 18, 2021 at 16:59 | Report abuse | Reply
  14. pizza deals near me

    Hi, I do believe this is a great website. I stumbledupon it 😉 I am going to revisit yet again since I book-marked it. Money and freedom is the greatest way to change, may you be rich and continue to help other people.


    June 18, 2021 at 20:42 | Report abuse | Reply
  15. Camper Repair Shops Near Me


    June 18, 2021 at 21:17 | Report abuse | Reply
  16. Sprinter Repair Shops Near Me

    This excellent website certainly has all the info I needed concerning this subject and didnít know who to ask.


    June 18, 2021 at 22:08 | Report abuse | Reply
  17. driving school near me


    June 19, 2021 at 01:40 | Report abuse | Reply
  18. RV Repair Nearby


    June 19, 2021 at 02:15 | Report abuse | Reply
  19. Camper Repair Places Near Me

    Hey there! I just want to give you a big thumbs up for your excellent info you have right here on this post. I am returning to your website for more soon.


    June 19, 2021 at 02:56 | Report abuse | Reply
  20. Sprinter Repair Costa Mesa


    June 19, 2021 at 03:12 | Report abuse | Reply
  21. Sports betting Guide

    Wonderful goods from you, man. I have understand your stuff previous
    to and you are just extremely excellent. I actually like
    what you have acquired here, really like what you're stating and the way in which you
    say it. You make it entertaining and you still care for to keep it smart.
    I cant wait to read far more from you. This is really a terrific site.

    June 19, 2021 at 04:32 | Report abuse | Reply
  22. food lion near me


    June 19, 2021 at 05:48 | Report abuse | Reply
  23. doctors near me


    June 19, 2021 at 06:35 | Report abuse | Reply
  24. RV Repair Near Me Now

    Nice post. I learn something new and challenging on blogs I stumbleupon every day. It will always be interesting to read through articles from other writers and use something from their websites.


    June 19, 2021 at 07:11 | Report abuse | Reply
  25. Nearby RV Repair

    This page really has all the info I needed about this subject and didnít know who to ask.


    June 19, 2021 at 07:32 | Report abuse | Reply
  26. RV Repair Shop

    Way cool! Some very valid points! I appreciate you penning this post and the rest of the site is also very good.


    June 19, 2021 at 10:06 | Report abuse | Reply
  27. RV Repairs Near Me

    Good day! I could have sworn Iíve been to this web site before but after going through a few of the articles I realized itís new to me. Regardless, Iím certainly delighted I found it and Iíll be bookmarking it and checking back frequently!


    June 19, 2021 at 10:39 | Report abuse | Reply
  28. RV Repair Shop

    An impressive share! I've just forwarded this onto a coworker who was doing a little research on this. And he actually bought me lunch due to the fact that I found it for him... lol. So allow me to reword this.... Thank YOU for the meal!! But yeah, thanks for spending some time to talk about this issue here on your internet site.


    June 19, 2021 at 10:39 | Report abuse | Reply
  29. dollar general near me

    Spot on with this write-up, I seriously believe that this web site needs much more attention. Iíll probably be back again to read more, thanks for the information!


    June 19, 2021 at 11:26 | Report abuse | Reply
  30. RV Repair Near Me


    June 19, 2021 at 11:52 | Report abuse | Reply
  31. laptop repair near me


    June 19, 2021 at 12:14 | Report abuse | Reply
  32. RV Repair Around Me


    June 19, 2021 at 13:03 | Report abuse | Reply
  33. RV Repair


    June 19, 2021 at 13:04 | Report abuse | Reply
  34. RV Repair Santa Ana


    June 19, 2021 at 13:34 | Report abuse | Reply
  35. RV Repair Seal Beach


    June 19, 2021 at 14:05 | Report abuse | Reply
  36. Sprinter Repair Shop Near Me

    This blog was... how do I say it? Relevant!! Finally I have found something which helped me. Thanks a lot!


    June 19, 2021 at 15:43 | Report abuse | Reply
  37. RV Repair Seal Beach


    June 19, 2021 at 16:36 | Report abuse | Reply
  38. coffee shop near me


    June 19, 2021 at 16:47 | Report abuse | Reply
  39. Sprinter Repair Shop Near Me


    June 19, 2021 at 19:01 | Report abuse | Reply
  40. RV Repair Shops Near My Location


    June 20, 2021 at 00:37 | Report abuse | Reply
  41. Local Marketing Consultants


    June 20, 2021 at 05:10 | Report abuse | Reply
  42. Local Marketing Business

    Hi there! This article could not be written much better! Looking at this article reminds me of my previous roommate! He always kept preaching about this. I am going to send this information to him. Fairly certain he's going to have a good read. Thank you for sharing!


    June 20, 2021 at 09:47 | Report abuse | Reply
  43. Digital Marketing Near Me

    I was very happy to find this web site. I need to to thank you for your time for this particularly fantastic read!! I definitely savored every bit of it and i also have you saved as a favorite to check out new stuff on your website.


    June 20, 2021 at 09:52 | Report abuse | Reply
  44. Dayna Bellflowers

    I'm very happy to uncover this web site. I need to to thank you for your time just for this fantastic read!! I definitely loved every little bit of it and I have you book marked to see new things on your site.


    June 20, 2021 at 12:13 | Report abuse | Reply
  45. Chas Aydlett

    Everything is very open with a clear clarification of the issues. It was truly informative. Your site is very helpful. Many thanks for sharing!


    June 20, 2021 at 13:12 | Report abuse | Reply
  46. Willie Wirtjes


    June 20, 2021 at 14:18 | Report abuse | Reply
  47. Jeff Incera


    June 20, 2021 at 14:59 | Report abuse | Reply
  48. Edison Zeno

    This is a topic that is near to my heart... Best wishes! Where are your contact details though?


    June 20, 2021 at 20:14 | Report abuse | Reply
  49. Benjamin Giorno

    I need to to thank you for this very good read!! I absolutely enjoyed every little bit of it. I have you book marked to look at new things you postÖ


    June 20, 2021 at 20:20 | Report abuse | Reply
  50. rheumatologist near me


    June 20, 2021 at 23:04 | Report abuse | Reply
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14

Post a comment


CNN welcomes a lively and courteous discussion as long as you follow the Rules of Conduct set forth in our Terms of Service. Comments are not pre-screened before they post. You agree that anything you post may be used, along with your name and profile picture, in accordance with our Privacy Policy and the license you have granted pursuant to our Terms of Service.

About this blog

Get a behind-the-scenes look at the latest stories from CNN Chief Medical Correspondent, Dr. Sanjay Gupta, Senior Medical Correspondent Elizabeth Cohen and the CNN Medical Unit producers. They'll share news and views on health and medical trends - info that will help you take better care of yourself and the people you love.