Pertussis vaccine in teens may reduce infant hospitalizations
October 21st, 2013
03:13 PM ET

Pertussis vaccine in teens may reduce infant hospitalizations

More adolescents being vaccinated for pertussis appears to result in fewer pertussis-related hospitalizations in infants, according to a new study published in the journal Pediatrics.

"The number of hospitalizations in 2011 we observed were 30% of  what we would have expected had there not been a vaccine," says lead study author Dr. Katherine Auger, who also specializes in pediatric hospital patient care at Cincinnati Children's Hospital. "For every 10,000 infants, we saw 3.3 pertussis hospitalizations. We expected 10.7 hospitalizations had there not been a vaccine."

The study looked at hospitalization rates, using nationwide inpatient samples, and compared it to data before and after the so-called Tdap vaccination was recommended for universal administration to adolescents in 2006.

Also known as whooping cough, pertussis is a highly contagious and often serious disease, especially in young children. 

Whooping cough is preventable through vaccination, but newborns, who are the most vulnerable to the most serious side effects, can't get the first dose of vaccine until they are 2 months old. Then they need four more vaccinations before they turn 7 to get full protection. This is why young children are highly dependent on the people close to them to be vaccinated.

Last year, nearly 50,000 pertussis cases were reported to the CDC, including 18 deaths.  Fortunately, "overall reporting of pertussis has declined during 2013,"according to the CDC website.

Some studies show that half of the infants who contract pertussis got it from an older sibling, Auger said.

In 2005, a booster shot called Tdap was introduced for adolescents and adults. The booster shot builds up immunity against tetanus, diphtheria and pertussis and is recommended for 11- and 12-year-olds at regular check-ups. Adults can replace a dose of their regular tetanus-and-diphtheria shot, given every 10 years, with Tdap, but don't have to wait a decade, according to the CDC.

The vaccine "helps adolescents, but in turn, it indirectly protects babies even more," said Atlanta pediatrician Dr. Jennifer Shu. "Eleven-year-olds have to get a tetanus booster anyway, so (they) might as well get the one that has the whooping cough component in it." She adds, it's a "win-win situation and I don't see any major downsides."

The CDC also recommends that 13-18 year olds who haven't gotten the Tdap shot yet should talk with their parents and their doctor about getting it now.

Babies are the most vulnerable population for life-threatening pertussis. Dr. William Schaffner, head of the preventive medicine department at Vanderbilt University's medical school, says it was thought that by providing a cocoon-like environment for infants by vaccinating people who have contact with them would reduce their risk of getting whooping cough. "Now we have data that it works," he adds, "we have created another reinforcing reason to bring teens in for vaccination, not only against whooping cough but for other diseases as well."

Other ways to protect infants from pertussis include vaccinations for pregnant women. In 2012, a federal advisory committee recommended all pregnant women be immunized for pertussis or whooping cough. The committee says the vaccine should be administered during each pregnancy in the late second or third trimester (27 to 36 weeks gestation), regardless of whether the patient has had Tdap in the past. If that's not possible, the mother should receive the vaccine immediately after childbirth or before leaving the hospital or birthing center, the committee said.

The theory is that pregnant women can pass some of the protection from the vaccine across into the placenta onto the baby, Schaffner said, giving the infant some protection before it can be vaccinated.

Whooping cough may resemble a cold or flu in its symptoms. It begins with a cough and runny nose for one or two weeks. Rapid coughing fits, sometimes ending in a whooping sound, then last for weeks or months.

soundoff (690 Responses)
  1. dennys near me

    Very good info. Lucky me I found your website by chance (stumbleupon). I have saved it for later!


    June 14, 2021 at 00:43 | Report abuse | Reply
  2. tow truck near me

    Next time I read a blog, Hopefully it won't disappoint me as much as this particular one. I mean, Yes, it was my choice to read through, but I truly thought you would have something useful to talk about. All I hear is a bunch of crying about something you could fix if you weren't too busy seeking attention.


    June 14, 2021 at 06:22 | Report abuse | Reply
  3. thai food near me


    June 14, 2021 at 07:48 | Report abuse | Reply
  4. barbers near me


    June 14, 2021 at 08:07 | Report abuse | Reply
  5. aa meetings near me


    June 14, 2021 at 09:02 | Report abuse | Reply
  6. plant nursery near me


    June 14, 2021 at 09:44 | Report abuse | Reply
  7. lenscrafters near me

    Good post. I learn something new and challenging on blogs I stumbleupon on a daily basis. It will always be useful to read through articles from other authors and use a little something from their web sites.


    June 14, 2021 at 10:37 | Report abuse | Reply
  8. print photos near me


    June 14, 2021 at 10:49 | Report abuse | Reply
  9. wineries near me


    June 14, 2021 at 12:15 | Report abuse | Reply
  10. gun dealers near me


    June 14, 2021 at 16:22 | Report abuse | Reply
  11. Romana Mamudoski

    Have you ever heard of second life (sl for short). It is essentially a online game where you can do anything you want. SL is literally my second life (pun intended lol). If you would like to see more you can see these sl websites and blogs


    June 14, 2021 at 19:41 | Report abuse | Reply
  12. Camper Repair Shops Near Me

    Your style is very unique compared to other people I have read stuff from. I appreciate you for posting when you have the opportunity, Guess I'll just book mark this site.


    June 14, 2021 at 21:57 | Report abuse | Reply
  13. RV Repairs Near My Location

    Howdy! I could have sworn Iíve visited this web site before but after going through many of the posts I realized itís new to me. Anyhow, Iím certainly pleased I stumbled upon it and Iíll be bookmarking it and checking back often!


    June 14, 2021 at 22:45 | Report abuse | Reply
  14. Nearby RV Repair

    I was able to find good info from your blog posts.


    June 14, 2021 at 23:19 | Report abuse | Reply
  15. Nearby RV Repair

    A motivating discussion is definitely worth comment. I do think that you need to write more on this subject, it might not be a taboo matter but usually folks don't speak about such topics. To the next! Cheers!!


    June 15, 2021 at 07:13 | Report abuse | Reply
  16. RV Repair Fountain Valley

    This web site certainly has all of the info I needed about this subject and didnít know who to ask.


    June 15, 2021 at 07:57 | Report abuse | Reply
  17. RV Repair Near Me


    June 15, 2021 at 08:28 | Report abuse | Reply
  18. RV Repair Santa Ana

    Oh my goodness! Incredible article dude! Thank you so much, However I am having issues with your RSS. I donít understand why I am unable to subscribe to it. Is there anybody getting identical RSS issues? Anyone that knows the answer can you kindly respond? Thanx!!


    June 15, 2021 at 08:41 | Report abuse | Reply
  19. RV Repair Orange County

    Iím amazed, I have to admit. Rarely do I encounter a blog thatís both educative and amusing, and let me tell you, you've hit the nail on the head. The issue is something that too few people are speaking intelligently about. I'm very happy I came across this in my search for something regarding this.


    June 15, 2021 at 09:03 | Report abuse | Reply
  20. RV Repair Places Near Me

    There's definately a great deal to know about this subject. I really like all the points you have made.


    June 15, 2021 at 09:12 | Report abuse | Reply
  21. RV Repair Shops Near Me

    I blog often and I genuinely thank you for your information. This article has truly peaked my interest. I will take a note of your blog and keep checking for new information about once per week. I subscribed to your RSS feed as well.


    June 15, 2021 at 10:27 | Report abuse | Reply
  22. RV Repair Near My Location

    Everything is very open with a precise description of the issues. It was definitely informative. Your website is very helpful. Thanks for sharing!


    June 15, 2021 at 13:18 | Report abuse | Reply
  23. RV Repair Fountain Valley


    June 15, 2021 at 20:22 | Report abuse | Reply
  24. RV Repairs Near Me


    June 16, 2021 at 04:06 | Report abuse | Reply
  25. Nearest RV Repair

    Right here is the right website for anyone who wants to find out about this topic. You realize a whole lot its almost hard to argue with you (not that I actually will need toÖHaHa). You certainly put a brand new spin on a topic which has been discussed for a long time. Great stuff, just excellent!


    June 16, 2021 at 04:13 | Report abuse | Reply
  26. RV Repair Nearby


    June 16, 2021 at 08:52 | Report abuse | Reply
  27. RV Repair Nearby

    Hello there! This article could not be written any better! Reading through this post reminds me of my previous roommate! He continually kept talking about this. I will send this post to him. Pretty sure he's going to have a good read. I appreciate you for sharing!


    June 16, 2021 at 11:12 | Report abuse | Reply
  28. pizza delivery near me


    June 16, 2021 at 15:25 | Report abuse | Reply
  29. same day results covid testing near me

    Good post. I learn something new and challenging on blogs I stumbleupon on a daily basis. It will always be useful to read articles from other writers and practice something from other web sites.


    June 16, 2021 at 15:49 | Report abuse | Reply
  30. tattoo shop near me

    Having read this I thought it was extremely enlightening. I appreciate you taking the time and energy to put this short article together. I once again find myself spending a significant amount of time both reading and leaving comments. But so what, it was still worth it!


    June 16, 2021 at 16:15 | Report abuse | Reply
  31. flea market near me


    June 17, 2021 at 00:05 | Report abuse | Reply
  32. Camper Repair Places Near Me


    June 17, 2021 at 00:33 | Report abuse | Reply
  33. Camper Repair Places Near Me

    Wonderful post! We will be linking to this great post on our website. Keep up the good writing.


    June 17, 2021 at 07:01 | Report abuse | Reply
  34. RV Repair Orange County


    June 17, 2021 at 08:08 | Report abuse | Reply
  35. RV Repair Garden Grove


    June 17, 2021 at 09:25 | Report abuse | Reply
  36. RV Repair Shops Near Me Now

    Howdy! I just want to offer you a huge thumbs up for the great info you've got right here on this post. I will be returning to your web site for more soon.


    June 17, 2021 at 09:44 | Report abuse | Reply
  37. RV Repair Mission Viejo

    Hi there! I could have sworn Iíve visited this site before but after going through a few of the articles I realized itís new to me. Anyways, Iím certainly delighted I discovered it and Iíll be bookmarking it and checking back often!


    June 17, 2021 at 10:00 | Report abuse | Reply
  38. Sprinter Repair Shops Near Me

    A fascinating discussion is definitely worth comment. I do believe that you ought to publish more about this issue, it might not be a taboo matter but usually people don't speak about such subjects. To the next! Many thanks!!


    June 17, 2021 at 11:46 | Report abuse | Reply
  39. Sprinter Repair Costa Mesa


    June 17, 2021 at 12:25 | Report abuse | Reply
  40. jeep dealership near me


    June 17, 2021 at 13:02 | Report abuse | Reply
  41. food near me

    Oh my goodness! Impressive article dude! Many thanks, However I am experiencing troubles with your RSS. I donít know why I cannot join it. Is there anybody else having the same RSS problems? Anyone who knows the answer can you kindly respond? Thanks!!


    June 17, 2021 at 13:05 | Report abuse | Reply
  42. storage units near me


    June 17, 2021 at 14:10 | Report abuse | Reply
  43. hardware store near me

    Hi there, I do think your web site could be having internet browser compatibility issues. When I take a look at your website in Safari, it looks fine however when opening in Internet Explorer, it has some overlapping issues. I simply wanted to provide you with a quick heads up! Apart from that, excellent website!


    June 17, 2021 at 14:33 | Report abuse | Reply
  44. gyros near me


    June 17, 2021 at 15:26 | Report abuse | Reply
  45. dunkin near me

    Next time I read a blog, Hopefully it doesn't fail me as much as this one. After all, Yes, it was my choice to read through, but I truly thought you would probably have something helpful to say. All I hear is a bunch of crying about something you could possibly fix if you weren't too busy searching for attention.


    June 17, 2021 at 17:08 | Report abuse | Reply
  46. mini golf near me


    June 17, 2021 at 19:00 | Report abuse | Reply
  47. cbd near me


    June 17, 2021 at 19:44 | Report abuse | Reply
  48. outdoor dining near me


    June 17, 2021 at 20:18 | Report abuse | Reply
  49. motel near me

    Good article! We will be linking to this great content on our site. Keep up the great writing.


    June 17, 2021 at 23:33 | Report abuse | Reply
  50. community colleges near me


    June 17, 2021 at 23:35 | Report abuse | Reply
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14

Post a comment


CNN welcomes a lively and courteous discussion as long as you follow the Rules of Conduct set forth in our Terms of Service. Comments are not pre-screened before they post. You agree that anything you post may be used, along with your name and profile picture, in accordance with our Privacy Policy and the license you have granted pursuant to our Terms of Service.

About this blog

Get a behind-the-scenes look at the latest stories from CNN Chief Medical Correspondent, Dr. Sanjay Gupta, Senior Medical Correspondent Elizabeth Cohen and the CNN Medical Unit producers. They'll share news and views on health and medical trends - info that will help you take better care of yourself and the people you love.