August 16th, 2013
12:15 AM ET
Does soda make kids violent?
Yet another study is warning parents to limit soda consumption with children. While previous studies have linked soda consumption with higher rates of obesity, a study published in the journal Pediatrics, says it also causes aggressive, violent behavior in children as young as 5 years old.
Researchers at Columbia University followed the habits of about 3,000 mother-child pairs from 20 large cities in the United States. While the children were followed since birth in the long-term study, the data pertaining to soda consumption was compiled when the children were 5 years old. Researchers asked the mothers to self-report how many servings of soda their child drinks on a typical day, and then answer a series of behavioral questions.
Children who consumed at least four servings of soda per day were twice as likely than those who didn't drink any soda to display aggressive violent behaviors - such as destroying other people’s belongings, starting physical fights and verbally attacking other children. The kids were also more likely to have trouble paying attention to instructions, and were more withdrawn socially compared to 5-year-olds who didn’t consume soda.
“There was a dose response,” said Shakira Suglia, study author and associate professor of epidemiology at Columbia University. “With every increase in soda consumption, we saw an increase in behavior problems. It was significant for kids who consumed as few as one serving of soda per day.”
The association was present after researchers adjusted for parenting styles, and socio-demographic factors such as how much violent television the children were exposed to, their sleep schedule, and candy consumption.
Because researchers relied on self-reporting by mothers, they were unable to pinpoint the type of soda (diet versus regular), or the exact serving size associated with the increase in negative behavior.
The American Beverage Association disagrees with the findings of this study. In a statement to CNN, the group said: "It is a leap to suggest that drinking soda causes these or any other behavioral issue. The science does not support that conclusion. The authors themselves note that their study 'is not able to identify the nature of the association between soft drinks and problem behaviors.' Importantly, our member companies do not promote or market the consumption of soft drinks to children in the age group examined in this study.”
The researchers say their findings add to the mounting evidence that soda consumption has a negative effect for children.
Other experts warn to limit soda consumption. “Despite the multitude of studies exposing the negative effects of soda consumption, Americans continue to buy and drink more soda than those in any other country,” said Marlo Mittler, registered dietician from Cohen Children’s Medical Center of New York, and not affiliated with the study. “In an effort to reduce the effects on a child's possible negative behavior, it is suggested to eliminate or avoid any soda consumption.”
The American Academy of Pediatrics currently recommends parents and caregivers limit giving children caffeinated or sugar-sweetened beverages, and should instead offer them calorie-free beverages and milk.
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Get a behind-the-scenes look at the latest stories from CNN Chief Medical Correspondent, Dr. Sanjay Gupta, Senior Medical Correspondent Elizabeth Cohen and the CNN Medical Unit producers. They'll share news and views on health and medical trends - info that will help you take better care of yourself and the people you love.
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Citizen scientists seek for coronavirus on everyday surfaces
Keira McGee carefully drew a small square of cloth within the handle of the city trash can outside her home near San Diego State. She then dunked it quickly in a cleaning solution before tucking it away inside a small test tube crammed with a pink liquid. getting angry the lid closed, She slipped the vessel inside a red and white cooler alongside 15 other identical specimen tubes.
McGee is one of the first to sign up for a new research effort that seeks to how the novel coronavirus spreads and mutates on common surfaces by enlisting an army of citizen scientists to collect nearly 10,000 samples from in the community.
It was a new experience for an individual whose day job entails making costumes for La Jolla Playhouse. But when she spotted a post online from local doctoral aspirant Jason Baer seeking volunteers, She said helping a team of researchers at San Diego State track the invisible threat that has shut down so much around the globe had a certain appeal.
the thought that swiping shared surfaces, From doorknobs to gas pump deals with, Might help scientists how to better contain the threat was too powerful to pass up.
Baer and fellow doctoral student Mark Little have recently worked to design the core methods that now allow the collage to put out a call countywide for a total of 1,000 people to help collect samples from surfaces via region, Sending them back to college or university labs for molecular analysis by microbiologist Maria Isabel Rojas. The effort is overseen by viral ecologist Forest Rohwer and math wizzard Naveen Vaidya and is funded by a rapid response research grant from the National Science Foundation.
The team has already collected about 700 samples in the neighborhood to make sure the process that McGee used last week works. the amount coronavirus circulating on surfaces, Rohwer had said, is expected to pick up as the strict set of social distancing measures are gradually lessened, Making the time between now and roughly mid June prime corona hunting season.
The team will select participants from submitted applications based on where they live and a few other factors, And brings each with 16 vials, equipment, Masks and swabs produced squares of floor sweeping pads. contributors are free to decide where to collect their samples, Staying close to home if they want or venturing further out. The work should be accomplished over a two week period and samples must be kept cold once they're collected to keep viral genetic material from degrading.
It is key that players aren't all clumped together in one area. Sampling as broad a range of locations as possible will help researchers understand better which areas are more prone to have more virus present and which have less activity, Helping paint a picture of how the virus moves through actuality.
It is clearly the case that small water droplets that spray into the air when an infected person sneezes or coughs play a significant role in transmitting the coronavirus from one person to another. it is also clear that viruses left on surfaces, Most substantially when an infected person wipes their nose or mouth and then touches an object that is then touched by another, is actually route for the virus to find new hosts.
But there is still more to purchase relative risk involved. in whose sale benefits, lots of the studies that have looked at how long this pathogen can survive on surfaces have been conducted under controlled laboratory conditions. But nothing could possibly be controlled about the real world where infections actually occur.
The pink chemical inside the 16 test tubes that each participant receives contains TRIzol, A chemical that isolates and balances the ribonucleic acid chains that store viral genetic codes. A first step exposes the whole sample to a chemical that it's essentially dish soap, Killing any microbes that were alive at the present they were picked up. Making sure that nothing is still growing creates a kind of snapshot of that particular moment in time.
beyond this concept, Genetic analysis works a little like carbon dating, Examining the fitness of the genetic code inside viruses to see how much it had already deteriorated at the moment the sample was taken. The more destruction detected, The longer the virus was probably present on a surface. In locations for the novel coronavirus turns up in samples, A research team will contact additional focused testing to corroborate initial findings.
Understanding where and when viruses are present is just the right kind of food for Vaidya's mathematical models. Modeling will combine viral data with many other types of knowledge, many methods from temperature and time of latin brides day to demographic and socioeconomic information. Analyzing all some of those variables in relation to each other should help tease out better information on where novel coronavirus is most and least dangerous in the environment.
friends and family members, custom modeling rendering might shed new light on whether, claim that, Gas pump handles or elevator buttons have a higher possibility of transmitting the virus from one person to another. Once scientists know more about the riskiest occasions, Public health policy could tighten up its focus, tracking down higher precision methods to lessen that risk.
"you can easily quantify what is the risk of getting infected through the environment, Vaidya reported. "If we know the risk of the earth, Then we can get the dynamics model, At a world level, Of how this virus is spread including both direct transmission and eco transmission,
the researchers at San Diego State are collaborating with a similar program underway at UC San Diego called the Microsetta Initiative, A crowdsourcing endeavor that asks players to contribute $99 for a kit to collect fecal, nose, Oral or skin swabs and mail them in for homework. Though initially designed to gauge variation in the human microbiome the vital and ever variable communities of microorganisms that live inside our bodies the program, Co created by Rob Knight, Director of the university's Center for Microbiome development, Announced in early April that it had expanded to collect data on the SARS CoV 2 virus causing the on-going pandemic.
Other local work is underway in San Diego, Rohwer added, To study indication through the air and for presence of the virus in sewage samples. cooperation between various efforts, he explained, Should equal to something big.
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