home
RSS
Research questions impact of pacifiers on disrupting breast-feeding
April 30th, 2012
12:05 PM ET

Research questions impact of pacifiers on disrupting breast-feeding

Pacifiers can soothe agitated infants, but some experts - including those at the World Health Organization (WHO) - discourage pacifier use in the first six months of life because of concerns that it may interfere with breast-feeding, widely seen as the best way to feed a newborn.

New research, however, casts doubt on the notion that pacifier use disrupts breast-feeding. In an analysis of feeding patterns among 2,249 infants in a single maternity ward over a 15-month period, researchers found the proportion of infants who were exclusively breast-fed dropped from 79% to 68% after pacifier use was restricted in the ward.

Meanwhile, the proportion of infants who needed formula in addition to breast-feeding jumped from 18% to 28% after the change in policy, according to the preliminary results of the study, which were presented today at the annual meeting of the Pediatric Academic Societies, in Boston.

"We were surprised - even disappointed - to find that our exclusive breast-feeding rates went down and supplemental formula feedings went up," says Carrie Phillipi, M.D., senior author of the study and an associate professor of pediatrics at Oregon Health & Science University, in Portland.

Health.com: Painless breast-feeding, a motherhood myth

The conventional wisdom is that pacifier use creates "nipple confusion" in newborns, says Pete Richel, M.D., chief of pediatrics at Northern Westchester Hospital, in Mt. Kisco, New York, who was not involved with the study.

The theory is that infants suckle their mother's nipple differently than they do a bottle or pacifier, and may have difficulty latching on to the mother if they're given too much exposure to artificial nipples.

In addition, the body produces breast milk according to demand, so frequently giving infants a pacifier may in some cases compromise the mother's milk supply, Phillipi says.

Health.com: Women who delay returning to work breast-feed longer

Prohibiting the use of pacifiers and artificial nipples is one of the 10 steps for encouraging breast-feeding that hospitals in the United States must take to earn a "baby-friendly" designation from the WHO and the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF).

As part of its efforts to qualify for this baby-friendly status, the Doernbecher Children's Hospital at OHSU curtailed the use of pacifiers in its mother-baby unit in December 2010. After that date, the hospital required nurses and doctors to sign pacifiers out and use them only for "medically appropriate reasons," such as when a baby undergoes a painful surgical procedure or is withdrawing from drugs the mother took while pregnant.

The policy change provided Phillipi and her colleagues with a handy way of assessing before-and-after changes in pacifier use and breast-feeding, but their analysis lacks the rigor of a carefully designed and controlled study.

For instance, the hospital allowed visitors to bring their own pacifiers into the mother-baby unit, which is specially designed to accommodate mothers, infants, and family members. The researchers have no way of knowing how many outside pacifiers were brought it, or how often the infants used them.

Health.com: Pregnancy advice examined

Moreover, the analysis didn't take into account the mothers' demographic profiles and the hospital's staffing levels, in particular the availability of doctors and nurses to give breast-feeding advice, Phillipi says.

Despite these weaknesses, the findings add another wrinkle to the already confusing recommendations for pacifier use in newborns. In contrast to the WHO, which discourages all pacifier use in the first six months of life, the American Academy of Pediatrics recommends giving babies pacifiers as they fall asleep beginning at the one-month mark, because this practice has been linked with a lower risk of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS).

"It's very logical to think that pacifiers might interfere with breastfeeding, but there isn't really strong evidence that pacifiers are the problem, and they do turn out to be beneficial for reducing the risk of SIDS," Phillipi says. "Maybe we could approach mothers and their infants on a more individual basis… We can't make blanket recommendations about complex things."

Copyright Health Magazine 2011


soundoff (1,060 Responses)
  1. 출장안마

    I truly love your blog.. Great colors & theme. Did you make this site yourself? Please reply back as Iím trying to create my own personal website and want to find out where you got this from or what the theme is named. Thanks!

    https://emlaac.com/user/profile/11310

    May 26, 2021 at 15:53 | Report abuse | Reply
  2. Unitmerienepeft

    where to order tadalafil tablets https://tadacipetadalafil.com/ – side effects of tadalafil tadalafil online generic cialis online fast shipping buy cialis

    May 26, 2021 at 17:54 | Report abuse | Reply
  3. 출장 마사지

    Can I simply just say what a comfort to find somebody that genuinely understands what they're talking about over the internet. You definitely know how to bring an issue to light and make it important. More people must look at this and understand this side of the story. I was surprised you aren't more popular since you surely have the gift.

    http://night.jp/jump.php?url=https://massage7fredinpqev.shutterfly.com/29

    May 27, 2021 at 05:48 | Report abuse | Reply
  4. 출장마사지

    Oh my goodness! Incredible article dude! Many thanks, However I am encountering troubles with your RSS. I donít understand why I am unable to subscribe to it. Is there anybody else having similar RSS problems? Anyone that knows the answer will you kindly respond? Thanx!!

    https://zebinis.ru/user/k4ywvjs284

    May 27, 2021 at 12:19 | Report abuse | Reply
  5. Tritreviewifind

    tadalafil without a doctor prescription best price usa tadalafil tadalafil daily online https://apcalisetadalafil.com/

    May 27, 2021 at 14:13 | Report abuse | Reply
  6. Tembepteriope

    cost tadalafil generic cialis without a prescription what is tadalafil https://tadalafilww.com/

    May 27, 2021 at 16:43 | Report abuse | Reply
  7. 출장마사지

    Great post! We are linking to this great article on our website. Keep up the great writing.

    http://engawa.kakaku.com/jump/?url=https://i6qhvcl646.doodlekit.com/blog/entry/14496772/16-mustfollow-facebook-pages-for-marketers

    May 27, 2021 at 23:30 | Report abuse | Reply
  8. tadalafil gel

    what is tadalafil 20 mg https://tadalisxs.com/ tadalafil vidalista

    May 28, 2021 at 03:11 | Report abuse | Reply
  9. What are the best Nokia phones available in the market today?

    Hi there! Do you use Twitter? I'd like to follow you if that would
    be ok. I'm undoubtedly enjoying your blog and look forward to new updates.

    May 28, 2021 at 03:27 | Report abuse | Reply
  10. Lowell Parnin

    Have you ever heard of second life (sl for short). It is basically a video game where you can do anything you want. Second life is literally my second life (pun intended lol). If you want to see more you can see these sl websites and blogs

    http://everydayliteracies.blogspot.com/2017/04/spanish-language-edition-of-of-new.html?showComment=1497450081700

    May 28, 2021 at 05:39 | Report abuse | Reply
  11. 출장안마

    I enjoy reading a post that will make men and women think. Also, thank you for allowing for me to comment!

    https://canvas.instructure.com/eportfolios/132138/massage7ricardofpev721/_A_Simple_Definition

    May 28, 2021 at 06:10 | Report abuse | Reply
  12. take a look at the site here

    A lot of blog writers nowadays yet just a few have posts worth spending time on reviewing.

    https://postheaven.net/graingarage64/how-can-you-use-a-vibration-plate-for-weight-loss

    May 28, 2021 at 09:07 | Report abuse | Reply
  13. 출장안마

    I wanted to thank you for this wonderful read!! I certainly enjoyed every little bit of it. I have you bookmarked to look at new things you postÖ

    https://anma5hubcattle6.bravejournal.net/post/2021/04/21/Massage-Therapy-Isn-t-Just-For-Girls

    May 28, 2021 at 11:39 | Report abuse | Reply
  14. 출장 안마

    Your style is unique compared to other people I have read stuff from. I appreciate you for posting when you've got the opportunity, Guess I will just book mark this web site.

    https://weekoxygen76.bravejournal.net/post/2021/04/14/The-Advantages-of-a-Burmese-Care-For-The-Health

    May 28, 2021 at 23:47 | Report abuse | Reply
  15. 케이출장

    I blog frequently and I really appreciate your information. Your article has really peaked my interest. I'm going to book mark your blog and keep checking for new details about once per week. I opted in for your Feed as well.

    https://gumroad.com/7441733074212/p/an-overview-of-basic-methods-for-traditional-oriental-massage-therapy

    May 29, 2021 at 04:07 | Report abuse | Reply
  16. SEXY SLIM

    Pretty! This has been a really wonderful post. Many thanks for supplying this information.

    May 29, 2021 at 05:00 | Report abuse | Reply
  17. 출장마사지

    This excellent website definitely has all the info I wanted concerning this subject and didnít know who to ask.

    http://wert-tools.ru/user/x6dmwgb406

    May 29, 2021 at 05:28 | Report abuse | Reply
  18. Danette Flucas

    Have you ever heard of second life (sl for short). It is basically a game where you can do anything you want. SL is literally my second life (pun intended lol). If you want to see more you can see these sl websites and blogs

    http://myvedana.blogspot.com/2005/09/flatpack-anytime-anywhere.html?showComment=1159011120002&m=0

    May 29, 2021 at 06:17 | Report abuse | Reply
  19. trực tiếp bóng đá mu vs liverpool

    Trực Tiếp đá Bóng Thời Điểm Hôm Nayvề nhà đi con tập 62 vtv giải trí trực tiếpCó thể nói, binhluan.vn có thương hiệu và hóa học lượng rất chi là mượt mà luôn luôn. Bất cứ ai đã từng xem bong da trên liên kết soccer thẳng của keonhacai1.tv thì nên thừa nhận một điều xem rất đã. Nên cứ có từng trận đấu vào bất kể giải đấu nào là thì lượng nhân viên coi truy vấn vào keonhacai1 cực kì rộng lớn. Thông tin lịch tranh tài.

    https://www.thedolive.cc/

    May 29, 2021 at 09:09 | Report abuse | Reply
  20. 출장안마

    Hello! I could have sworn Iíve visited this blog before but after browsing through a few of the articles I realized itís new to me. Anyhow, Iím certainly delighted I discovered it and Iíll be bookmarking it and checking back often!

    http://3.okushylar-uyi.kz/user/q4arhqe548

    May 29, 2021 at 11:51 | Report abuse | Reply
  21. 케이출장

    Way cool! Some extremely valid points! I appreciate you penning this post and the rest of the site is really good.

    http://www.socialbookmarkssite.com/user/ballclub36

    May 29, 2021 at 15:43 | Report abuse | Reply
  22. bóng đa trực tuyến

    Lịch Phát Sóng đá Bóngxem truc tiep keo nha caiCó thể nói, binhluan.vn có hình ảnh và chất lượng rất chi là mượt mà luôn. Bất cứ ai đó đã từng coi bong da trên links bóng đá thẳng của keonhacai1.tv thì cần công nhận một điều coi vô cùng đã. Nên cứ có mỗi trận đấu vào bất cứ giải đấu nào thì lượng người xem truy vấn vào keonhacai1 cực kì rộng lớn. Thông tin lịch tranh tài.

    https://www.thedolive.cc/

    May 29, 2021 at 16:57 | Report abuse | Reply
  23. 출장안마

    Aw, this was an extremely nice post. Finding the time and actual effort to make a really good articleÖ but what can I sayÖ I procrastinate a lot and don't manage to get anything done.

    http://vfb7968c.bget.ru/user/p5zevtl013

    May 29, 2021 at 21:22 | Report abuse | Reply
  24. here

    Good post. I learn something totally new and challenging on websites I stumbleupon on a daily basis. It's always useful to read content from other writers and use a little something from other websites. |

    https://pastebin.pl/view/b10c8572

    May 29, 2021 at 21:49 | Report abuse | Reply
  25. 토토사이트

    I blog quite often and I genuinely thank you for your information. This article has really peaked my interest. I am going to bookmark your blog and keep checking for new details about once a week. I opted in for your Feed too.

    https://postheaven.net/gambling5corneticon76/pros-and-cons-of-betting

    May 30, 2021 at 02:11 | Report abuse | Reply
  26. Tabetha Depottey

    Have you ever heard of second life (sl for short). It is basically a video game where you can do anything you want. Second life is literally my second life (pun intended lol). If you want to see more you can see these Second Life articles and blogs

    http://everydayliteracies.blogspot.com/2011/12/meeting-in-comillas-we-have-arrived-in.html?showComment=1343465715808

    May 30, 2021 at 07:06 | Report abuse | Reply
  27. Hermelinda Minehart

    How do you make firefox use your existing installation of Flash?

    https://www.linkedin.com/in/kmkowalsky/

    May 30, 2021 at 08:57 | Report abuse | Reply
  28. xem bóng đá trực tuyến trên web

    Tin Thể Thaoxem bóng đá trực tuyen ĐT nước ta nối tiếp triệu chứng tỏ sự vượt lên trên trội trước các đàn em U22 Việt Nam cùng với 2 thắng lợi vào 2 trận đấu nội bộ. Tin TứcBIDV Quang Trung và quá trình đoạt được giấc mơ còn dang dởSau một mùa giải đầy tiếc nuối, Ngân Hàng BIDV Quang Trung trở lại Giải hạng Nhì – Cúp VietFootball 2021 cùng với quyết tâm giành tấm vé thăng hạng. Rất nhiều đội bóng đánh giờ ham muốn có sự đáp ứng

    https://www.thedolive.cc/

    May 30, 2021 at 10:15 | Report abuse | Reply
  29. thedo

    Quả đá Bóngthedo ĐT nước Việt Nam nối tiếp bệnh tỏ sự vượt trội trước các đàn em U22 nước ta với 2 thắng lợi trong 2 trận đấu nội bộ. Tin TứcBIDV Quang Trung và chặng đường chinh phục giấc mơ còn dang dởSau một mùa giải đầy tiếc nuối, Ngân hàng Đầu tư và Phát triển Quang Trung quay về Giải hạng Nhì – Cúp VietFootball 2021 cùng với quyết tâm giành tấm vé thăng hạng. Rất nhiều ĐộI bóng đánh giờ muốn có sự phục vụ

    https://www.thedolive.tv/

    May 30, 2021 at 13:45 | Report abuse | Reply
  30. 부산출장마사지

    Spot on with this write-up, I really think this amazing site needs a great deal more attention. Iíll probably be returning to read through more, thanks for the info!

    https://maracaoven58.bladejournal.com/post/2021/04/23/The-Turkish-Bathtub-Therapeutic-Massage-and-Its-Historical-Purpose

    May 30, 2021 at 19:22 | Report abuse | Reply
  31. 먹튀검증

    Nice post. I learn something new and challenging on blogs I stumbleupon on a daily basis. It's always exciting to read content from other authors and use a little something from their sites.

    http://rowanjikj667.image-perth.org/how-to-explain-totosaiteu-to-your-mom

    May 30, 2021 at 19:30 | Report abuse | Reply
  32. 대구출장

    This site was... how do you say it? Relevant!! Finally I have found something that helped me. Thanks!

    https://zenwriting.net/anma7hubcocoa4/benefits-of-buying-a-medical-massage-chair

    May 30, 2021 at 23:57 | Report abuse | Reply
  33. 메이저사이트

    Pretty! This was an incredibly wonderful post. Thanks for supplying these details.

    https://zenwriting.net/gambling4j8bocvk620/casino-featureswhen-you-go-to-a-casino-nowadays-you-will-probably-notice-that

    May 31, 2021 at 01:44 | Report abuse | Reply
  34. https://webflow.com/indatphuongnam

    Fantastic beat ! I wish to apprentice while you amend your site, how can i subscribe for a blog web
    site? The account helped me a acceptable deal.
    I had been tiny bit acquainted of this your broadcast provided bright
    clear concept

    May 31, 2021 at 02:19 | Report abuse | Reply
  35. Gwyneth Siciliano

    Have you ever heard of second life (sl for short). It is basically a video game where you can do anything you want. sl is literally my second life (pun intended lol). If you would like to see more you can see these second life articles and blogs

    http://rumblingstrips.blogspot.com/2008/01/fear-of-failure-writers-block.html

    May 31, 2021 at 05:51 | Report abuse | Reply
  36. jaw plates

    Likewise called carbon steel, this material is just one of one of the most typical alternatives you'll locate for bearings The 52100 bearing steel is a high carbon, low alloy steel that contains chromium. These attributes make chrome steel a terrific choice for the majority of basic applications seeking thin section bearings.

    https://public.sitejot.com/kyeqsbi822.html

    May 31, 2021 at 10:06 | Report abuse | Reply
  37. 창원출장

    I really love your site.. Pleasant colors & theme. Did you develop this site yourself? Please reply back as Iím trying to create my own blog and want to learn where you got this from or what the theme is called. Thanks!

    https://devpost.com/watsonnikolajsen931

    May 31, 2021 at 10:07 | Report abuse | Reply
  38. 포항출장마사지

    Pretty! This has been an incredibly wonderful post. Many thanks for providing this information.

    https://yachtbrain57.tumblr.com/post/649705289267953664/benefits-of-massage-therapy

    May 31, 2021 at 10:45 | Report abuse | Reply
  39. 먹튀검증

    You should take part in a contest for one of the highest quality sites on the web. I am going to recommend this blog!

    https://postheaven.net/casino2harborcause30/big-wheel-road-bikes

    June 1, 2021 at 07:15 | Report abuse | Reply
  40. manganese jaw liners

    Learn more about layering on steel, its advantages as well as prospective applications. Contact Hard Chrome Specialists for plating remedies for steel in PA, MD and also beyond.

    https://diigo.com/0km1sh

    June 1, 2021 at 09:00 | Report abuse | Reply
  41. 창원출장안마

    I love it when people come together and share thoughts. Great site, continue the good work!

    https://telegra.ph/The-Turkish-Bathtub-Therapeutic-Massage-and-Its-Historic-Part-04-23

    June 1, 2021 at 11:53 | Report abuse | Reply
  42. 포항출장안마

    Very good article. I will be dealing with some of these issues as well..

    https://gumroad.com/5037068711764/p/how-can-massage-therapists-boost-your-quality-of-life

    June 1, 2021 at 15:30 | Report abuse | Reply
  43. API 5CT Casing pipe specification

    Manganese is similar to iron in its chemical as well as physical homes, however it is harder as well as extra fragile. Manganese is potentially one of the most versatile component that can be added to copper alloys.

    https://www.longisland.com/profile/s9eelrg725/

    June 2, 2021 at 13:03 | Report abuse | Reply
  44. 경산출장안마

    I really like it when people get together and share views. Great website, stick with it!

    http://www.synthedit.com/qa/index.php?qa=user&qa_1=sunhelium99

    June 2, 2021 at 14:35 | Report abuse | Reply
  45. 거제출장

    I was able to find good info from your blog articles.

    https://anotepad.com/notes/xhh7rs26

    June 2, 2021 at 19:21 | Report abuse | Reply
  46. Rhea Rohrback

    Have you ever heard of second life (sl for short). It is essentially a video game where you can do anything you want. Second life is literally my second life (pun intended lol). If you want to see more you can see these sl articles and blogs

    http://lostbiro.com/blog/?paged=40

    June 3, 2021 at 00:20 | Report abuse | Reply
  47. 출장 마사지

    Hi! I could have sworn Iíve visited this web site before but after looking at a few of the posts I realized itís new to me. Regardless, Iím definitely delighted I discovered it and Iíll be book-marking it and checking back regularly!

    http://facebook-faq.ru/index.php?qa=user&qa_1=bedharbor5

    June 3, 2021 at 03:50 | Report abuse | Reply
  48. 출장 안마

    When I originally left a comment I appear to have clicked the -Notify me when new comments are added- checkbox and now each time a comment is added I get four emails with the exact same comment. There has to be a way you can remove me from that service? Kudos!

    https://diendansg.xyz/member.php?action=profile&uid=54416

    June 3, 2021 at 06:40 | Report abuse | Reply
  49. 양산출장

    Everything is very open with a clear clarification of the challenges. It was definitely informative. Your website is extremely helpful. Thank you for sharing!

    https://squareblogs.net/anma9clerksky8/ashiatsu-what-is-it

    June 3, 2021 at 09:07 | Report abuse | Reply
  50. Steel pile pipe Distributors

    Lawrence SLS 14 Manganese Steel is one of the most difficult steels offered

    https://pbase.com/topics/h4guyhc024/thelayer839

    June 3, 2021 at 12:50 | Report abuse | Reply
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22

Leave a Reply to 먹튀검증


 

CNN welcomes a lively and courteous discussion as long as you follow the Rules of Conduct set forth in our Terms of Service. Comments are not pre-screened before they post. You agree that anything you post may be used, along with your name and profile picture, in accordance with our Privacy Policy and the license you have granted pursuant to our Terms of Service.

Advertisement
About this blog

Get a behind-the-scenes look at the latest stories from CNN Chief Medical Correspondent, Dr. Sanjay Gupta, Senior Medical Correspondent Elizabeth Cohen and the CNN Medical Unit producers. They'll share news and views on health and medical trends - info that will help you take better care of yourself and the people you love.