home
RSS
CDC: Deadly and preventable C. difficile infections at all-time high
March 6th, 2012
05:18 PM ET

CDC: Deadly and preventable C. difficile infections at all-time high

The number of people being hospitalized for Clostridium difficile (C. difficile) has tripled in the past 10 years according to a new report from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. While other infections commonly spread in health care settings have been going down over the past decade, C. difficile infections are at "historically high and unacceptable levels," according to the CDC's Principal Deputy Director, Ileana Arias.

"C. difficile is causing many Americans to suffer and die,"  Arias says.  The CDC estimates about 14,000 people each year die from these infections, which can be treated if caught early.

The new CDC report finds that 94% of all C. difficile infections are connected to medical care settings, impacting patients not just in hospitals but also in nursing homes, doctors offices and other outpatient settings. The report finds that infections are being moved from one facility to another as infected patients get moved and necessary precautions to prevent the spread aren't taken. The CDC estimates about one-quarter of patients develop symptoms while in a hospital, the other 75% get sick in nursing homes, clinics or doctors offices.

C. difficile symptoms include (sometimes deadly) diarrhea, fever, loss of appetite, nausea, belly pain and tenderness.

C. difficile is a bacterium which forms spores and these spores can persist in the environment, survive on surfaces like hand rails, bathroom fixtures or medical equipment for months, People who are currently or who recently were taking antibiotics are the most vulnerable for getting sick, says medical epidemiologist and lead study author Dr. Clifford McDonald. That's because antibiotics not only destroy bad bacteria, but also good bacteria that protect from other infections, opening the door for a C. difficile infection.

For example: A patient may go to the doctor with an existing infection like pneumonia and will get a prescription for an antibiotic. That patient is now vulnerable for other C. difficile infections for several months. If this patient finds himself in a hospital for some reason and comes in contact with a worker who has not properly washed his hands or touched something with the bacteria on it or treated another patient with an existing C. difficile infection and isn't wearing gloves, then the now vulnerable patient can be infected. The now infected patient will likely develop diarrhea and if he in turn doesn't wash his hands properly can spread it elsewhere, let's say at nursing home where he lives.

Clifford says about while about half of the infections occur in people under the age of 65, more than "90% of deaths occur in people 65 and older."

C. difficile can be treated with specific antibiotics. But patients need to be tested for it and if they test positive and get transferred to other facilities like a nursing home or dialysis center, those health care settings need to be notified about the patient's infection.

"Illness and death linked to this deadly disease do not have to happen," says CDC Director Dr. Thomas Frieden.  The CDC recommends health care providers takes the following steps to help prevent the spread of the infection:

1. Prescribe antibiotics only when absolutely necessary. The CDC says 50% of antibiotic prescriptions are not needed.
2. Test for C. difficile if a patient has diarrhea while taking antibiotics or had been taking them within the past several months.
3. Put patients testing positive for C. difficile in isolation.
4. Health care workers need to wear gloves and gowns when taking care of infected patients. (McDonald says that commonly used hand sanitizers do not kill C.difficile bacteria.)
5. Clean room surfaces with bleach or other EPA-approved cleaners that will kill the C-difficile spores.
6. When patients are transferred to other settings, notify the facility about the patient's diagnosis so necessary precautions can be made.

Patients can also help slow the spread of this potentially deadly infection by doing the following:

1. Only take antibiotics as prescribed by physicians.
2. Tell your doctor if you develop diarrhea while taking antibiotics or within a few months after taking the drugs.
3. Thoroughly wash your hands with soap after using the bathroom.
4. Try using a separate bathroom (if possible), if you have diarrhea. If that's not possible, try to thoroughly clean all surfaces to prevent spores from lingering and infecting someone else.


soundoff (130 Responses)
  1. Boscobib

    sit referring to Tumblr

    Viyoleh ne zamand ayn lo yaln sit odas Bir saa sonra gelip onu alacak, Bexplain torldakte Bourbon Cafe'de kahve Snemaya gdeceklerd sonra. Bir saat p belki iki saat vard tall hat Odas oturmu bekliyordu, Lo yaln h Duvara yaslam s yaa ourmu elleriyle oynuyor, k k ince dudatlar websitilenvironnant lesedi s a new great elli i gelene adar oturacat Uzuyordu sa ensesine a sar sar estireliydi ir u sar sa seviyor uydu acaa? good day s engin Viyolet'i seviyor muydu acaba? Vibolet parma onad Violet Engin'i sevior mudu acaba? whats up s b parma kendisinden biraz uzakla pencerenin tuttu. A bulutlar sallan parlad Geri takt parma Viyolet ne zamand ayn lo yaln t odasThat the advantage with PartingOut areas put on has to be inventoried to find people to see them and specials fitted. once you create an inventory, upward latamdate.com reviews set images, and moreover inventory several work pieces, that you understand there's an easy demand for, additional 1000 locations are coming in contact with new home buyers perhaps.

    ask yourself how? method,stage system the customer indexed PART where as new home buyers list points your current needs all the people visit on the vehicle. well parts person never think of might be the idea turned out to be noteworthy.

    all of our approach is the reason why items that to produce no interest, remain unnoticed,whether there is a demand people can place the some their own own. exercise definitely not perceived on what places and tools go away by presenting us of a to include profits to our portions of correct intend you can buy.

    March 1, 2021 at 07:35 | Report abuse | Reply
  2. Juliana RIpley

    HERPES ( HSV ) IS NOT A DEATH SENTENCE . I WAS CURED FROM IT WITH THE USE OF HERBAL MEDICINE
      I was diagnosed of this nasty virus JUNE 2016 and since then i have been searching for a permanent cure but all my effort was to no avail, despite the fact that i was told countless time that there is no cure but just suppressing i went ahead looking for a way out knowing that nothing is too hard for almighty God, so i did not not give in to the no cure idea instead i pray for direction and mercy.
    On one faithful morning, I received a call from my son's school demanding to know why my son didn't come to school early and the reason why he is not happy. I opened up and told them that I am going through a hard time. They shouldn't worry that I will put things in order but the principal was interested and so she insisted that I confide in her which I did, I told her that I have herpes. She felt so sorry for me but at the end of the call, she gave me a DR contact who she claimed could cure me. To shorten the story, I contacted the man and he gave me herbal medication which I used for 21 day. But i did not go for a blood test even when all the symptoms were no more because i was scared of everything but the doc encouraged me to go for a medical check up which i reluctantly did, to my greatest surprise, there is no trace of HSV or any STDs/ STIs, UTI .  . so I decided to share the contact so that many can be free from any disease that troubles humanity.
      Email : drhassanherbscure@gmail.com
     WhatsApp/Call +2349032582239  

    March 1, 2021 at 09:19 | Report abuse | Reply
  3. ClarkTauts

    0hedu w6dhe 26yy

    March 1, 2021 at 17:21 | Report abuse | Reply
  4. ClarkTauts

    x64zh 2tuau s401

    March 1, 2021 at 20:47 | Report abuse | Reply
  5. Cedric Bowell

    6 YEARS HSV 2 CURED .SO MANY PEOPLE HAVE BEEN CURED FROM HERPES WITH THE USE OF HERBAL MEDICINE
      I want to say thanks to Doctor HASSAN, this is a big privilege to share with everyone on how my wife and I was cured of HSV 2 by this great Doctor HASSAN , ever since my wife and I was diagnosed of HSV 2 we have never been happy, we have taken so many medication, supplements , and so many others, we were afraid that we might never get cured, but everything turn around when i saw numerous testimonies of Doctor HASSAN, curing several persons from HSV, and other types of disease with his herbal medicine, without wasting much time i contacted him through his  Email: drhassanherbscure@gmail.com . He told me to be happy that he will make sure that my wife and I are cured , i obeyed and followed his instructions and thereafter he sent me the herbal medicine, and give me instructions on how to take the herbal medicine, so we take it after taking it for 3 weeks my wife and I  was totally cured, at first i never believed that we will be cured, but today my story is different and we were confirmed both negative to this virus, in-case you are suffering from this same virus or you have any kind of disease, you can also contact him for the same result on his
       Number/Whats-App : +2349032582239 or
       Email: drhassanherbscure@gmail.com     .i am so grateful to you sir for saving us from HSV.

    March 3, 2021 at 15:51 | Report abuse | Reply
1 2 3

Leave a Reply to Jo


 

CNN welcomes a lively and courteous discussion as long as you follow the Rules of Conduct set forth in our Terms of Service. Comments are not pre-screened before they post. You agree that anything you post may be used, along with your name and profile picture, in accordance with our Privacy Policy and the license you have granted pursuant to our Terms of Service.

Advertisement
About this blog

Get a behind-the-scenes look at the latest stories from CNN Chief Medical Correspondent, Dr. Sanjay Gupta, Senior Medical Correspondent Elizabeth Cohen and the CNN Medical Unit producers. They'll share news and views on health and medical trends - info that will help you take better care of yourself and the people you love.