home
RSS
How cholera in Haiti began
January 9th, 2012
05:00 PM ET

How cholera in Haiti began

Two years after an earthquake shook Haiti, the small country grappled with the death, the destruction and the debris.

After the earthquake on January 12, another health crisis struck about 10 months later: cholera.

The bacterial disease brings about a painful death, as quickly as within two to three hours, because of the amount of fluid and electrolytes that are lost.  Symptoms are watery diarrhea, dehydration, nausea and vomiting.  

Cholera spreads through contaminated water.  While it has largely been eradicated in the West, it has been known to come back during war or natural disasters when people are forced to live in crowded places without proper sanitation and clean water.

So far, cholera has killed 7,000 people and infected 520,000 people, according to the Pan American Health Organization.

Medical workers continue to encounter about 200 new cases everyday, said Dr. Jon Andrus, deputy director of PAHO, which is part of the World Health Organization.

In an article published in the American Journal of Tropical Medicine Monday, the authors identified who they believe to be the first to get cholera in Haiti after the earthquake.  An 28-year-old man with mental illness from the town of Mirebalais was suffering from hallucinations, disorganized thoughts and paranoia, according to the article written by Dr. Louise Ivers and Dr. David Walton from Harvard Medical School and Partners in Health.

The man was known to wander through town naked, and drank from and bathed in the in the Latem River. He fell ill with watery diarrhea and within a day of showing symptoms, the man died.  The two people who prepared the body for his funeral also developed watery diarrhea.

There is no lab method to confirm that this was the first patient to start the epidemic, wrote the authors. “This patient’s case is the first in the community’s collective memory to have had symptoms that are recognizable, in retrospect, to be those of cholera,” according to the study released Monday.

The patient had an underlying mental health condition that led him to drink from the river and this contributed to his illness, the authors concluded.

The cholera epidemic has continued to spread even until today. The infection spread to the neighboring Dominican Republic, and individual cases were exported to the United States, such as Boston and Miami.

By sequencing the genome of the cholera strain, researchers found that it was nearly identical to strains circulating in South Asia, according to a study published online in the New England Journal of Medicine last year.

An independent report later linked the outbreak to peacekeepers from Nepal.  According to the report, fecal matter from the U.N. camp where the Nepalese were based was improperly routed by a contractor and "this contamination initiated an explosive cholera outbreak downstream in the Artibonite River Delta and eventually throughout Haiti.”

The best way to prevent cholera is to get clean water and better sanitation.  Treatment for the disease is immediately necessary through rehydration, intravenous fluids, antibiotics and zinc supplements.

The authors wrote, “Such discussion is not intended as an attempt to attribute blame.  Rather, the case should cause reflection for global health practitioners on the importance of the increasing interconnectedness of globalization for public health.”


soundoff (1,609 Responses)
  1. m8888

    Xoilac Tv Thẳng đá Bóng vietnam football fbĐội tuyển futsal nước ta đã có một trận đấu chấp nhận được trước đối thủ đầy sức mạnh Lebanon. Kết trái Bà Rịa-Vũng Tàu vs Bình Phước thời điểm hôm nay 18h00 ngày 5/5, Hạng nhất Việt Nam.

    https://frontsportsbox.com/

    June 20, 2021 at 04:16 | Report abuse | Reply
  2. lichthidaubong dahomnay

    Tỷ Số Soccer Trực Tuyến Hôm Nay24h bóng đaTheo thể thức thi đấu, đội thắng ở cặp đấu này sẽ giành tấm vé đến Lithuania trong ngày hội bóng đá lớn nhất thế giới đến futsal. Tuyển futsal Việt Nam bước vào trận play-off lượt đi tranh vé dự play-off World Cup 2021 với sự tự tin. Tuy vậy, HLV Phạm Minh Giang bày tỏ, toàn đội ko ngán Lebanon song sẽ tìm cách để khắc chế sức mạnh của đối thủ bởi trên băng ghế huấn luyện là nhà cầm quân Ramiro Lopez, người từng dẫn dắt futsal Tây Ban Nha.|Dựa vào lịch tranh tài, bạn hoàn toàn có thể sắp xếp công việc

    https://virandoamor.com/detail/xem-vtv-truc-tiep-dai-hoi-dang-xiii-104648.html

    June 20, 2021 at 04:17 | Report abuse | Reply
  3. beat co doi thuong ngan

    Thể Thao 247bond 21: casino royale vietsubLiverpool là nhóm bóng nhận ít thẻ nhất ở Premier League mùa này và đang được đứng trước thời cơ đạt giải thưởng Fair Play ở mùa giải thứ 5 liên tiếp. Sau khi thăng hạng 96 trái đất, nhóm tuyển nước ta đã lọt nhóm hạt tương đương số 2 vòng chủng loại World Cup 2022 quần thể vực châu Á.

    https://www.vnd188.bet/

    June 20, 2021 at 04:18 | Report abuse | Reply
  4. bd truc tuyen

    Xem Thẳng Viettel Vs Tỉnh Bình Dương Tại V League 2021 Ở Kênh Nào? truc tiep htv 7Đội tuyển chọn nước Việt Nam chỉ cần thiết một kết quả hòa có bàn thắng nhằm lần loại hai góp mặt trên World Cup futsal. Nhưng, để thực hiện được điều đó

    https://thisisthegreenroom.com/detail/xem-today-truc-tuyen-vtv1-104792.html

    June 20, 2021 at 04:19 | Report abuse | Reply
  5. nhà cái

    Xem Thẳng Viettel Vs Bình Dương Trên V League 2021 Ở Kênh Nào? bong da wapĐội tuyển nước Việt Nam chỉ cần thiết một kết quả hòa có bàn thắng nhằm lần loại hai góp mặt tại World Cup futsal. Nhưng, nhằm thực hiện được như vậy

    https://naija5.com/

    June 20, 2021 at 04:23 | Report abuse | Reply
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33

Leave a Reply to vaporizer review high times


 

CNN welcomes a lively and courteous discussion as long as you follow the Rules of Conduct set forth in our Terms of Service. Comments are not pre-screened before they post. You agree that anything you post may be used, along with your name and profile picture, in accordance with our Privacy Policy and the license you have granted pursuant to our Terms of Service.

Advertisement
About this blog

Get a behind-the-scenes look at the latest stories from CNN Chief Medical Correspondent, Dr. Sanjay Gupta, Senior Medical Correspondent Elizabeth Cohen and the CNN Medical Unit producers. They'll share news and views on health and medical trends - info that will help you take better care of yourself and the people you love.