home
RSS
April 20th, 2011
08:45 AM ET

How quickly does lung cancer develop for smokers?

Every weekday, a CNNHealth expert doctor answers a viewer question. On Wednesdays, it's Dr. Otis Brawley, chief medical officer at the American Cancer Society.

I started smoking socially in high school and still do. How long would it take for someone like me develop lung cancer?

Asked by Tom of Cleveland

Expert Answer

Dear Tom,

There have been several questions about smoking recently. I thought your question really important. In answer to it, there is no such thing as a safe amount of cigarette smoking. I urge you to quit. Studies show that it is far easier for a light smoker to quit than someone who smokes a pack and a half or more per day.

Also keep in mind there is no such thing as a safer cigarette. The risk of lung cancer does increase with both the number of cigarettes smoked per day and the number of years a person has smoked. A 35-year-old male who smokes fewer than 25 cigarettes per day is estimated to have a 9% lifetime chance of dying of lung cancer, whereas 25 cigarettes per day or more gives him an 18% lifetime chance of dying of lung cancer. There are some estimates that lifetime risk of lung cancer in a very heavy smoker is about 30% overall, whereas it is 1% or less in nonsmokers. This translates into about a third of very heavy smokers developing lung cancer. Also, 15 to 20 of every 100 patients who have lung cancer are lifelong nonsmokers. Some get it because of secondhand smoke and some get it for unknown reasons.

People who start smoking at younger ages are at higher risk later in life. Lung cancer rates begin increasing in the mid to late 40s and peak in the late 70s. Many people think low tar or filtered cigarettes are safer. The truth is most people will compensate for these cigarettes by inhaling deeper and/or smoking more cigarettes in order to satisfy their need for nicotine.

While you ask about lung cancer, it is important to remember that occasional cigarette use can increase risk of cardiovascular disease dramatically. This is very pertinent, because cigarette smoking kills more people from cardiovascular diseases (heart attack, stroke and peripheral vascular disease) than all cancers combined. It is a common observation that a town that makes smoking in public illegal lowers it heart attack rate within six months. This is primarily because the decrease in secondhand smoke exposure decreases the number of heart attacks in nonsmokers. Just think about the dose of smoke to even a casual smoker over six months compared to a nonsmoker exposed to occasional secondhand smoke.

Cigarette smoking is linked to a number of diseases. Lung cancer is most famously associated, but tobacco smoking causes cancers of the head and neck (mouth, throat, sinuses), esophagus, stomach, kidney, pancreas, bladder, uterine cervix and even certain types of leukemia. Fourteen different cancers in all are caused by smoking. Smoking also causes chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, such as bronchitis and emphysema. It worsens asthma. Smoking is linked to high blood pressure, ulcers, osteoporosis, diabetes and reproductive disorders such as infertility, miscarriage and premature menopause.

There are significant benefits to smoking cessation. Most tobacco-related disease can be prevented if one stops smoking by age 40. Even for older people and for those with tobacco-related disease, there is significant benefit to smoking cessation. Short-term, cessation causes cravings, irritability, insomnia, anxiety, depression, difficulty concentrating and restlessness. Some may have a worsening of the smoker's cough. Long term, many complain of weight gain and increased depression.

Someone who is thinking of quitting should seek counseling from a physician or other experienced health care professional. Nicotine gum, nicotine patches and some other medications can be very helpful with smoking cessation. Counseling through telephone quit lines and internet support groups can also be helpful.


soundoff (1,593 Responses)
  1. Sprinter Repair Orange County

    Pretty! This has been a really wonderful article. Thanks for supplying these details.

    https://google.com.vn/url?q=https://google.si

    June 16, 2021 at 00:18 | Report abuse | Reply
  2. RV Repairs Near My Location

    https://scga.org/Account/AccessDenied.aspx?URL=http://www.ocrvcenter.com/fleet-truck-collision-repair-shop-near-me

    June 16, 2021 at 00:50 | Report abuse | Reply
  3. RV Repair Garden Grove

    Aw, this was an incredibly good post. Spending some time and actual effort to generate a good articleÖ but what can I sayÖ I put things off a whole lot and don't seem to get anything done.

    https://treasury.gov/cgi-bin/redirect.cgi/?https://ocrvcenter.com/rv-renovation-near-me/

    June 16, 2021 at 01:58 | Report abuse | Reply
  4. RV Repair Shops Near Me Now

    http://developer.vantiv.com/external-link.jspa?url=www.ocrvcenter.com/rv-repair-shop-montclair-california

    June 16, 2021 at 03:02 | Report abuse | Reply
  5. RV Repair Nearby

    I'd like to thank you for the efforts you've put in writing this website. I'm hoping to check out the same high-grade content from you later on as well. In truth, your creative writing abilities has encouraged me to get my own, personal blog now 😉

    https://www.americantourister.com/disneyside/bumper.php?r=http://www.ocrvcenter.com/rv-repair-shop-montebello-california/

    June 16, 2021 at 05:51 | Report abuse | Reply
  6. RV Repair Near Me Now

    Excellent article! We are linking to this particularly great post on our site. Keep up the good writing.

    http://www.shinobi.jp/etc/goto.html?https://www.ocrvcenter.com/concrete-truck-collision-repair-shop-near-me/

    June 16, 2021 at 06:13 | Report abuse | Reply
  7. RV Repair Nearby

    Great info. Lucky me I recently found your site by accident (stumbleupon). I have saved it for later!

    https://anonym.to/?https://ocrvcenter.com/mechanic-truck-collision-repair-shop-near-me

    June 16, 2021 at 06:52 | Report abuse | Reply
  8. RV Repair Near Me Now

    http://www.historisches-festmahl.de/go.php?url=www.ocrvcenter.com/rv-repair-shop-san-juan-capistrano-california

    June 16, 2021 at 07:41 | Report abuse | Reply
  9. RV Repair Mission Viejo

    You've made some really good points there. I checked on the web for additional information about the issue and found most people will go along with your views on this web site.

    https://www.es.paltalk.com/client/webapp/client/External.wmt?url=http://ocrvcenter.com/medical-truck-collision-repair-shop-near-me/

    June 16, 2021 at 09:41 | Report abuse | Reply
  10. RV Repair Near Me

    An intriguing discussion is definitely worth comment. I believe that you ought to publish more about this subject, it might not be a taboo subject but typically folks don't speak about such subjects. To the next! Many thanks!!

    http://fireprotection.org.nz/Redirect.aspx?destination=http://www.ocrvcenter.com/rv-repair-shop-shadow-hills-california/

    June 16, 2021 at 11:03 | Report abuse | Reply
  11. jcpenney near me

    https://www.bing.com/news/apiclick.aspx?ref=FexRss&aid=&url=www.ocrvcenter.com/&cc=be&setmkt=nl-be&setlang=en-us

    June 16, 2021 at 14:00 | Report abuse | Reply
  12. drive in theater near me

    https://humam.com/__media__/js/netsoltrademark.php?d=www.ocrvcenter.com/

    June 16, 2021 at 14:55 | Report abuse | Reply
  13. chinese buffet near me

    http://www.miamidadeparents.com/__media__/js/netsoltrademark.php?d=http://ocrvcenter.com

    June 16, 2021 at 16:28 | Report abuse | Reply
  14. pharmacy near me

    http://silvercrestmetals.com/outurl.php?url=www.ocrvcenter.com/

    June 16, 2021 at 16:39 | Report abuse | Reply
  15. covid-19 testing near me

    You ought to take part in a contest for one of the highest quality blogs online. I will highly recommend this web site!

    https://greenlightmyselfproductions.com/__media__/js/netsoltrademark.php?d=http://www.ocrvcenter.com

    June 16, 2021 at 18:05 | Report abuse | Reply
  16. pharmaceptica.com

    when does erectile dysfunction happen https://pharmaceptica.com/

    June 16, 2021 at 18:09 | Report abuse | Reply
  17. lumber yards near me

    Iím impressed, I must say. Rarely do I encounter a blog thatís both equally educative and entertaining, and let me tell you, you've hit the nail on the head. The problem is something that not enough men and women are speaking intelligently about. Now i'm very happy I found this during my search for something relating to this.

    http://www.cahc-ccpa.com/__media__/js/netsoltrademark.php?d=ocrvcenter.com

    June 16, 2021 at 19:42 | Report abuse | Reply
  18. covid 19 testing near me

    I like reading through a post that can make men and women think. Also, many thanks for allowing me to comment!

    https://www.lisaharrison.com/__media__/js/netsoltrademark.php?d=https://ocrvcenter.com/

    June 16, 2021 at 19:52 | Report abuse | Reply
  19. papa john's near me

    https://www.ozarklist.com/__media__/js/netsoltrademark.php?d=http://www.ocrvcenter.com/

    June 16, 2021 at 20:29 | Report abuse | Reply
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30

Leave a Reply to eGXsIWEVRk


 

CNN welcomes a lively and courteous discussion as long as you follow the Rules of Conduct set forth in our Terms of Service. Comments are not pre-screened before they post. You agree that anything you post may be used, along with your name and profile picture, in accordance with our Privacy Policy and the license you have granted pursuant to our Terms of Service.

Advertisement
About this blog

Get a behind-the-scenes look at the latest stories from CNN Chief Medical Correspondent, Dr. Sanjay Gupta, Senior Medical Correspondent Elizabeth Cohen and the CNN Medical Unit producers. They'll share news and views on health and medical trends - info that will help you take better care of yourself and the people you love.