home
RSS
FDA advisers want more study of food dye-ADHD link
March 31st, 2011
04:09 PM ET

FDA advisers want more study of food dye-ADHD link

A Food and Drug Administration advisory committee decided Thursday there is insufficient evidence to support a link between artificial dyes in foods and children with ADHD.  The committee will make no recommendation to ban or regulate dye additives found in food products. But the committee did stress that there seems to be a trend with artificial dyes and side effects in children and that more research is needed.

Over the past two days the committee has heard testimony on dyes and how they cause some children to show signs of hyperactivity.  The question before the committee: Is there enough evidence to connect artificial dyes and hyperactivity and, if so, should it recommend that the FDA strengthen its regulations on these ingredients?  The committee's response seems to be  "Not now."

According to the experts who testified, European companies already are dropping dyes including Blue #1, Yellow #5 and #6 and others and substituting natural colorings  for them. But the United States still allows artificial dyes, mostly for aesthetic reasons, not for taste, the experts say.

There are eight dyes now being used in the United States; Citrus Red 2, Red 3, Red 40, Blue 1 & 2, Green 3 and Yellow 5 & 6. They can be found in numerous food products from packaged macaroni and cheese to Easter candy.

Critics had called for either a ban or more explicit labeling. “Why are these dyes in these foods anyway?” asked Michael Jacobsen, executive director of the Center for Science and the Public Interest, a watchdog group on nutrition and food safety. “I would push for having them taken out completely. But if that can’t be done, why not warn the public and parents that these dyes could have some effects?”

The idea that dyes in food causes ADHD was first noted in "Why Your Child is Hyperactive," a book written by Dr. Benjamin Feingold in 1975. The eating style described in the book became known as the Feingold Diet. He found if you eliminated artificial food dyes and additives in American diets, cases of hyperactivity in children, later defined as ADHD, would decline. But reviews of the data found that the correlation between dyes and hyperactivity were inconsistent.

Although numerous data have been collected on food dyes and hyperactivity in kids during the past decade, critics say the design of the studies has been weak. They note many of the studies were performed on small groups– many involved no more than 25 children. They also noted that much of the observation data (how the child acted) was reported by parents and not by clinicians. And they pointed out that most of the dyes tested were combined into a dye mixture and not tested individually.

The most recent studies to bring food dyes and ADHD back to the public eye was a 2007 project conducted by researchers at the University of Southampton in the United Kingdom. It showed that artificial food dyes along with sodium benzoate (a white crystalline salt used as a food preservative) increased ADHD symptoms in both hyperactive and non-hyperactive children. That study was followed up by another paper in 2010 by the same researchers who looked at the connection between food dyes, ADHD and histamine, a chemical that’s produced in the brain when the body is having an allergic reaction.

“We found mixtures of certain artificial colors together with sodium benzoate preservative in the diet increased the average level of hyperactivity in 3 and 8/9 year old children in the general population,” Dr. Jim Stevenson, a professor at the School of Psychology at the University of Southampton, and lead author of the study, testified Wednesday.

During the hearing, parents from all over the United States shared stories about their children with the committee. Renee Shutters, from Jamestown, New York, said her 5-year-old ,Trenton, who at the time was in preschool, was an unhappy child. “He just wasn’t comfortable with himself,” said Shutters. But after talking to another parent who said her child was having behavioral issues because he was allergic to a food dye, Shutters took action. “I went through my pantry and removed everything with dyes," declared Shutters.

“Now,” Shutters says, “Trenton is fine. After two days there was a huge change. Two weeks later he felt different, much happier and six weeks later, he was a new child.”

“To give my child an artificial dye would be child abuse!” exclaimed Maureen Lamm, a doctor and mother of three from Kennesaw, Georgia, a suburb of Atlanta. “He suffers that much when he eats foods with certain dyes.” Lamm has become so involved she offers a website, www.momsabcs.com, to parents to warn them about dye allergies.

But the FDA’s evaluation of studies on color additives and ADHD found there was very little strong evidence in any of these studies that showed dyes were the primary reason for a child’s hyperactivity.

“There were other factors in most of these studies that could have been the reason or could have gone hand in hand with the dyes to create these problems in these particular children, including preservatives,”said Jason August with the FDA’s Office of Food Additive Safety.

And the International Food Information Council, which is supported primarily by broad-based food, beverage and agricultural industries, says the science isn’t there.

“Without sufficient scientific evidence that a causal link truly exists between food colors and hyperactivity in children, communications that suggest a link could have unintended consequences, including unnecessarily frightening consumers about safe ingredients that are consumed every day,” said David Schmidt, president and CEO of IFIC.

After lengthy discussion the committee made its decision based on the FDA’s evaluation of study data, as well as testimony from researchers. It was the weakness of the studies, and the lack of data, that caused the committee to ask for more research and delay action on artificial dyes.

Although the committee only makes recommendations to the FDA, the agency usually follows those recommendations.


soundoff (580 Responses)
  1. RV Repair Shop Near Me

    I absolutely love your site.. Excellent colors & theme. Did you create this web site yourself? Please reply back as Iím hoping to create my very own site and want to find out where you got this from or exactly what the theme is named. Thank you!

    https://www.abenteuerteam.de/redirect/?url=https://ocrvcenter.com/motorhome-restoration-near-me

    June 15, 2021 at 12:27 | Report abuse | Reply
  2. Sprinter Repair Shop Near Me

    http://lonevelde.lovasok.hu/out_link.php?url=https://ocrvcenter.com/contact

    June 15, 2021 at 12:30 | Report abuse | Reply
  3. RV Repair Shops Near Me Now

    Hi, I do believe this is a great web site. I stumbledupon it 😉 I am going to revisit once again since i have bookmarked it. Money and freedom is the greatest way to change, may you be rich and continue to help other people.

    https://vets.ne.jp/cgi/jump_link.cgi?URL=ocrvcenter.com/rv-camera-repair-near-me/

    June 15, 2021 at 14:21 | Report abuse | Reply
  4. RV Repair Near Me

    https://redirect.camfrog.com/redirect/?url=https://www.ocrvcenter.com/rv-repair-shop-porter-ranch-california

    June 15, 2021 at 14:32 | Report abuse | Reply
  5. RV Repair California

    http://sitebox.mailus.ru/requestform.php?success=1&referrer=http://ocrvcenter.com/motorhome-plumbing-repair-near-me

    June 15, 2021 at 20:32 | Report abuse | Reply
  6. Sprinter Repair Costa Mesa

    Itís difficult to find well-informed people about this subject, however, you seem like you know what youíre talking about! Thanks

    https://slack-redir.net/link?url=https://rvcollisionrepairpaintshop.com/rv-photos/rv-couches/

    June 15, 2021 at 20:38 | Report abuse | Reply
  7. RV Repair Near Me Now

    You made some decent points there. I checked on the internet to learn more about the issue and found most individuals will go along with your views on this web site.

    https://www.telecom.uu.ru/?a%5B%5D=<a+href=http://www.ocrvcenter.com/rv-repair-shop-garden-grove-california/

    June 15, 2021 at 21:46 | Report abuse | Reply
  8. Nearby RV Repair

    You're so interesting! I don't think I've truly read through a single thing like this before. So great to find someone with some unique thoughts on this subject matter. Really.. many thanks for starting this up. This web site is something that's needed on the web, someone with a bit of originality!

    http://lonevelde.lovasok.hu/out_link.php?url=www.ocrvcenter.com/motorhome-interior-remodel-near-me/

    June 16, 2021 at 04:59 | Report abuse | Reply
  9. RV Repair Fountain Valley

    I blog quite often and I genuinely appreciate your information. This great article has truly peaked my interest. I will take a note of your site and keep checking for new information about once per week. I opted in for your RSS feed too.

    https://waltrop.de/Inhalte/Allgemein/externerlink.asp?ziel=https://www.ocrvcenter.com/rv-repair-shop-san-jacinto-california/

    June 16, 2021 at 05:21 | Report abuse | Reply
  10. RV Repairs Near My Location

    An impressive share! I have just forwarded this onto a co-worker who was doing a little homework on this. And he in fact bought me lunch because I stumbled upon it for him... lol. So allow me to reword this.... Thank YOU for the meal!! But yeah, thanx for spending some time to discuss this issue here on your blog.

    http://yellowpages.therolladailynews.com/__media__/js/netsoltrademark.php?d=http://ocrvcenter.com/rv-repair-shop-irvine-california

    June 16, 2021 at 09:06 | Report abuse | Reply
  11. Nearby RV Repairs

    http://www.menedzserpraxis.hu/sharing/?menu=email&url=http://ocrvcenter.com/rv-repair-shop-west-hills-california

    June 16, 2021 at 11:02 | Report abuse | Reply
  12. chipotle near me

    The next time I read a blog, Hopefully it does not fail me just as much as this one. After all, I know it was my choice to read, however I really thought you'd have something helpful to talk about. All I hear is a bunch of whining about something you could possibly fix if you weren't too busy looking for attention.

    http://americantourister.com/disneyside/bumper.php?r=http://ocrvcenter.com/

    June 16, 2021 at 14:51 | Report abuse | Reply
  13. nail salons near me

    I really like reading a post that can make men and women think. Also, thanks for permitting me to comment!

    https://www.go.sepid-dl.ir/index.php?url=http://ocrvcenter.com

    June 16, 2021 at 17:19 | Report abuse | Reply
  14. frozen yogurt near me

    Nice post. I learn something new and challenging on websites I stumbleupon everyday. It's always exciting to read through content from other authors and practice a little something from their websites.

    https://rahrahribbons.com/__media__/js/netsoltrademark.php?d=www.ocrvcenter.com

    June 16, 2021 at 17:43 | Report abuse | Reply
  15. job openings near me

    Everything is very open with a really clear clarification of the issues. It was truly informative. Your site is extremely helpful. Thank you for sharing!

    http://kelleyfuneralhome.com/__media__/js/netsoltrademark.php?d=ocrvcenter.com

    June 16, 2021 at 19:05 | Report abuse | Reply
  16. massage near me

    http://www.libertyad.net/__media__/js/netsoltrademark.php?d=www.ocrvcenter.com

    June 16, 2021 at 19:59 | Report abuse | Reply
  17. RV Repair Mission Viejo

    Oh my goodness! Impressive article dude! Thank you, However I am going through troubles with your RSS. I donít know the reason why I can't subscribe to it. Is there anyone else getting similar RSS problems? Anyone who knows the solution will you kindly respond? Thanks!!

    https://herna.net/cgi/redir.cgi?https://www.ocrvcenter.com/rv-mechanic-near-me

    June 16, 2021 at 23:08 | Report abuse | Reply
  18. RV Repair California

    You are so cool! I don't suppose I've truly read through something like that before. So nice to find another person with original thoughts on this issue. Seriously.. thanks for starting this up. This web site is something that's needed on the internet, someone with some originality!

    http://www.mitsui-shopping-park.com/lalaport/iwata/redirect.html?url=http://www.ocrvcenter.com/rv-repair-shop-anaheim-california

    June 17, 2021 at 01:36 | Report abuse | Reply
  19. Sprinter Repair Orange County

    Very nice article. I certainly love this site. Thanks!

    http://connectathon-results.ihe.net/open_is_url.php?url=http://ocrvcenter.com/rv-toilet-repair-near-me

    June 17, 2021 at 02:00 | Report abuse | Reply
  20. RV Repairs Near My Location

    https://bookmerken.de/?url=www.ocrvcenter.com/rv-battery-repair-near-me

    June 17, 2021 at 03:17 | Report abuse | Reply
  21. Nearby RV Repairs

    https://www.infotiger.com/addurl.html?url=https://www.ocrvcenter.com/pop-up-trailer-collision-repair-shop-near-me/

    June 17, 2021 at 04:15 | Report abuse | Reply
  22. chinese restaurants near me

    http://www.winetoday.com/__media__/js/netsoltrademark.php?d=www.ocrvcenter.com

    June 17, 2021 at 05:36 | Report abuse | Reply
  23. RV Repair Near Me

    Right here is the right blog for everyone who wants to find out about this topic. You know so much its almost hard to argue with you (not that I really would want toÖHaHa). You certainly put a fresh spin on a subject that has been discussed for a long time. Excellent stuff, just wonderful!

    https://waltrop.de/Inhalte/Allgemein/externerlink.asp?ziel=http://ocrvcenter.com/camper-van-repair-near-me

    June 17, 2021 at 06:25 | Report abuse | Reply
  24. RV Repair Shops Near My Location

    http://login.mephi.ru/login?allow_anonymous=true&service=http://www.ocrvcenter.com/rv-furniture-near-me/

    June 17, 2021 at 11:04 | Report abuse | Reply
  25. RV Repair Shop Near Me

    http://pennergame.de/redirect/?site=ocrvcenter.com/rv-interior-remodeling-near-me

    June 17, 2021 at 11:22 | Report abuse | Reply
  26. citizens bank near me

    http://ww17.weobo.com/__media__/js/netsoltrademark.php?d=bestservicenearme.com/

    June 17, 2021 at 14:22 | Report abuse | Reply
  27. bmv near me

    https://local.kxlf.com/__media__/js/netsoltrademark.php?d=nearmyspot.com

    June 17, 2021 at 14:43 | Report abuse | Reply
  28. bicycle shops near me

    Aw, this was an incredibly good post. Taking the time and actual effort to generate a superb articleÖ but what can I sayÖ I procrastinate a whole lot and don't manage to get nearly anything done.

    http://www.jdsc.com.cn/adSystem/adsview/?action=click&area=pageright2&id=97&url=http://www.bjsnearme.com

    June 17, 2021 at 22:07 | Report abuse | Reply
  29. apartments near me

    http://www.erdie.org/__media__/js/netsoltrademark.php?d=quotenearme.com/

    June 17, 2021 at 22:26 | Report abuse | Reply
  30. culvers near me

    https://www.meetme.com/apps/redirect/?url=https://www.masternearme.com

    June 17, 2021 at 22:58 | Report abuse | Reply
  31. guitar center near me

    http://www.netfaqs.com/linux/Mail/Net4/New/index.asp?bisp=bjsnearme.com

    June 18, 2021 at 02:48 | Report abuse | Reply
  32. mcdonalds near me

    I blog often and I genuinely appreciate your content. The article has truly peaked my interest. I'm going to take a note of your blog and keep checking for new information about once a week. I opted in for your Feed as well.

    http://advantagemedia.info/__media__/js/netsoltrademark.php?d=wholesalenearme.com/

    June 18, 2021 at 06:04 | Report abuse | Reply
  33. Sprinter Repair Shop Near Me

    This site was... how do I say it? Relevant!! Finally I have found something which helped me. Thank you!

    http://www.waltrop.de/Inhalte/Allgemein/externerlink.asp?ziel=http://www.ocrvcenter.com/rv-repair-shop-castaic-californiacity-temp-wireframe

    June 18, 2021 at 12:00 | Report abuse | Reply
  34. RV Repair Shop Near My Location

    http://umbraco.realeflow.com/108514?url=https://ocrvcenter.com/rv-repair-shop-chatsworth-california/

    June 18, 2021 at 14:30 | Report abuse | Reply
  35. RV Repair Seal Beach

    You're so interesting! I don't think I've truly read anything like this before. So nice to find another person with original thoughts on this issue. Seriously.. thanks for starting this up. This website is one thing that is required on the web, someone with a bit of originality!

    http://community.rsa.com/t5/custom/page/page-id/ExternalRedirect?url=www.ocrv.guru/rv-repair-shop-imperial-beach-california

    June 18, 2021 at 20:52 | Report abuse | Reply
  36. Nearest RV Repair

    http://www.eportal.uspaacc.com/__media__/js/netsoltrademark.php?d=http://www.ocrvcenter.biz/rv-repair-shop-murrieta-california

    June 18, 2021 at 21:58 | Report abuse | Reply
  37. Sprinter Repair Costa Mesa

    Spot on with this write-up, I seriously feel this website needs a lot more attention. Iíll probably be back again to read more, thanks for the advice!

    https://findit.timesleader.com/__media__/js/netsoltrademark.php?d=http://ocrv.me/rv-shades-repair-near-me

    June 18, 2021 at 22:55 | Report abuse | Reply
  38. Nearby RV Repairs

    bookmarked!!, I love your blog!

    https://migrantcinema.net.gridhosted.co.uk/?URL=https://www.ocrvexperts.com/crane-truck-collision-repair-shop-near-me/

    June 19, 2021 at 01:20 | Report abuse | Reply
  39. Camper Repairs Near Me

    https://www.ww17.yourname.com/__media__/js/netsoltrademark.php?d=www.ocrvcenter.com/5th-wheel-trailer-collision-repair-shop-near-me

    June 19, 2021 at 01:24 | Report abuse | Reply
  40. covid-19 testing near me

    Can I simply just say what a relief to find somebody that genuinely knows what they are talking about on the internet. You certainly know how to bring a problem to light and make it important. A lot more people ought to check this out and understand this side of the story. It's surprising you aren't more popular since you definitely have the gift.

    https://info-dvd.ru/support/ezine/confirm-html.html?smartemail=sam-christian@quotenearme.com/

    June 19, 2021 at 02:51 | Report abuse | Reply
  41. Camper Repairs Near Me

    That is a very good tip especially to those new to the blogosphere. Simple but very precise informationÖ Appreciate your sharing this one. A must read article!

    https://www.sweetpaulmag.com/Redirect.aspx?destination=http://www.ocrvcenter.com/rv-repair-shop-palm-springs-california/

    June 19, 2021 at 04:36 | Report abuse | Reply
  42. RV Repair Huntington Beach

    Itís difficult to find well-informed people on this subject, but you seem like you know what youíre talking about! Thanks

    https://www.vi.paltalk.com/client/webapp/client/External.wmt?url=http://ocrv.mobi/motorhome-flooring-repair-near-me

    June 19, 2021 at 08:05 | Report abuse | Reply
  43. RV Repair Shops Near My Location

    Oh my goodness! Incredible article dude! Thank you, However I am encountering problems with your RSS. I donít understand the reason why I can't join it. Is there anybody else getting the same RSS problems? Anybody who knows the solution will you kindly respond? Thanx!!

    http://creativecommons.org/choose/results-one?field_attribute_to_url=https://www.ocrv.rocks/earthroamer-rv-collision-repair-paint-shop-near-me-orange-county

    June 19, 2021 at 15:54 | Report abuse | Reply
  44. Camper Repair Near Me

    https://www.treasury.gov/cgi-bin/redirect.cgi/?https://www.ocrvmotorsports.com/rv-repair-shop-banning-california/

    June 19, 2021 at 20:42 | Report abuse | Reply
  45. Camper Repair Shops Near Me

    Hi, I do believe this is a great website. I stumbledupon it 😉 I may come back once again since i have book-marked it. Money and freedom is the best way to change, may you be rich and continue to help other people.

    http://www.pennergame.de/redirect/?site=https://www.ocrvcenter.com/rv-couch-repair-near-me

    June 20, 2021 at 00:08 | Report abuse | Reply
  46. Social Media Marketing Near Me

    Greetings! Very useful advice within this article! It is the little changes which will make the most significant changes. Thanks a lot for sharing!

    http://tailgatefortots.com/__media__/js/netsoltrademark.php?d=http://affordableranking.com

    June 20, 2021 at 01:55 | Report abuse | Reply
  47. Local Marketing Consultants

    https://www.slidemasters.com/__media__/js/netsoltrademark.php?d=affordableranking.com

    June 20, 2021 at 04:28 | Report abuse | Reply
  48. Local Marketing Company

    https://www.kdking.com/__media__/js/netsoltrademark.php?d=https://affordableranking.com/

    June 20, 2021 at 09:11 | Report abuse | Reply
  49. Randolph Dawley

    http://adminer.org/redirect/?url=https://ocrv.biz/

    June 20, 2021 at 12:24 | Report abuse | Reply
  50. paternoster guest house

    Everything is very open with a really clear explanation of the challenges.
    It was definitely informative. Your website is useful.
    Thanks for sharing!

    June 20, 2021 at 12:56 | Report abuse | Reply
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

Post a comment


 

CNN welcomes a lively and courteous discussion as long as you follow the Rules of Conduct set forth in our Terms of Service. Comments are not pre-screened before they post. You agree that anything you post may be used, along with your name and profile picture, in accordance with our Privacy Policy and the license you have granted pursuant to our Terms of Service.

Advertisement
About this blog

Get a behind-the-scenes look at the latest stories from CNN Chief Medical Correspondent, Dr. Sanjay Gupta, Senior Medical Correspondent Elizabeth Cohen and the CNN Medical Unit producers. They'll share news and views on health and medical trends - info that will help you take better care of yourself and the people you love.