home
RSS
FDA advisers want more study of food dye-ADHD link
March 31st, 2011
04:09 PM ET

FDA advisers want more study of food dye-ADHD link

A Food and Drug Administration advisory committee decided Thursday there is insufficient evidence to support a link between artificial dyes in foods and children with ADHD.  The committee will make no recommendation to ban or regulate dye additives found in food products. But the committee did stress that there seems to be a trend with artificial dyes and side effects in children and that more research is needed.

Over the past two days the committee has heard testimony on dyes and how they cause some children to show signs of hyperactivity.  The question before the committee: Is there enough evidence to connect artificial dyes and hyperactivity and, if so, should it recommend that the FDA strengthen its regulations on these ingredients?  The committee's response seems to be  "Not now."

According to the experts who testified, European companies already are dropping dyes including Blue #1, Yellow #5 and #6 and others and substituting natural colorings  for them. But the United States still allows artificial dyes, mostly for aesthetic reasons, not for taste, the experts say.

There are eight dyes now being used in the United States; Citrus Red 2, Red 3, Red 40, Blue 1 & 2, Green 3 and Yellow 5 & 6. They can be found in numerous food products from packaged macaroni and cheese to Easter candy.

Critics had called for either a ban or more explicit labeling. “Why are these dyes in these foods anyway?” asked Michael Jacobsen, executive director of the Center for Science and the Public Interest, a watchdog group on nutrition and food safety. “I would push for having them taken out completely. But if that can’t be done, why not warn the public and parents that these dyes could have some effects?”

The idea that dyes in food causes ADHD was first noted in "Why Your Child is Hyperactive," a book written by Dr. Benjamin Feingold in 1975. The eating style described in the book became known as the Feingold Diet. He found if you eliminated artificial food dyes and additives in American diets, cases of hyperactivity in children, later defined as ADHD, would decline. But reviews of the data found that the correlation between dyes and hyperactivity were inconsistent.

Although numerous data have been collected on food dyes and hyperactivity in kids during the past decade, critics say the design of the studies has been weak. They note many of the studies were performed on small groups– many involved no more than 25 children. They also noted that much of the observation data (how the child acted) was reported by parents and not by clinicians. And they pointed out that most of the dyes tested were combined into a dye mixture and not tested individually.

The most recent studies to bring food dyes and ADHD back to the public eye was a 2007 project conducted by researchers at the University of Southampton in the United Kingdom. It showed that artificial food dyes along with sodium benzoate (a white crystalline salt used as a food preservative) increased ADHD symptoms in both hyperactive and non-hyperactive children. That study was followed up by another paper in 2010 by the same researchers who looked at the connection between food dyes, ADHD and histamine, a chemical that’s produced in the brain when the body is having an allergic reaction.

“We found mixtures of certain artificial colors together with sodium benzoate preservative in the diet increased the average level of hyperactivity in 3 and 8/9 year old children in the general population,” Dr. Jim Stevenson, a professor at the School of Psychology at the University of Southampton, and lead author of the study, testified Wednesday.

During the hearing, parents from all over the United States shared stories about their children with the committee. Renee Shutters, from Jamestown, New York, said her 5-year-old ,Trenton, who at the time was in preschool, was an unhappy child. “He just wasn’t comfortable with himself,” said Shutters. But after talking to another parent who said her child was having behavioral issues because he was allergic to a food dye, Shutters took action. “I went through my pantry and removed everything with dyes," declared Shutters.

“Now,” Shutters says, “Trenton is fine. After two days there was a huge change. Two weeks later he felt different, much happier and six weeks later, he was a new child.”

“To give my child an artificial dye would be child abuse!” exclaimed Maureen Lamm, a doctor and mother of three from Kennesaw, Georgia, a suburb of Atlanta. “He suffers that much when he eats foods with certain dyes.” Lamm has become so involved she offers a website, www.momsabcs.com, to parents to warn them about dye allergies.

But the FDA’s evaluation of studies on color additives and ADHD found there was very little strong evidence in any of these studies that showed dyes were the primary reason for a child’s hyperactivity.

“There were other factors in most of these studies that could have been the reason or could have gone hand in hand with the dyes to create these problems in these particular children, including preservatives,”said Jason August with the FDA’s Office of Food Additive Safety.

And the International Food Information Council, which is supported primarily by broad-based food, beverage and agricultural industries, says the science isn’t there.

“Without sufficient scientific evidence that a causal link truly exists between food colors and hyperactivity in children, communications that suggest a link could have unintended consequences, including unnecessarily frightening consumers about safe ingredients that are consumed every day,” said David Schmidt, president and CEO of IFIC.

After lengthy discussion the committee made its decision based on the FDA’s evaluation of study data, as well as testimony from researchers. It was the weakness of the studies, and the lack of data, that caused the committee to ask for more research and delay action on artificial dyes.

Although the committee only makes recommendations to the FDA, the agency usually follows those recommendations.


soundoff (580 Responses)
  1. Social Media Marketing Agencies Near Me

    http://mail.sitesready.ru/goto.php?to=http://affordableranking.com/

    May 22, 2021 at 02:14 | Report abuse | Reply
  2. RV Generator Near Me

    https://www.banan.cz/goto.php?url=https://forums.subglobal.net/showthread.php?tid=7495

    May 22, 2021 at 07:12 | Report abuse | Reply
  3. camper repair center

    http://citidex.sfgov.org/cgi-bin/sunindex/getData.cgi?docColor=deptsonly&dispRec=yes&contact=TedYamasaki&phone=(415)557-4815&url=ocrvcenter.com/rv-couch-repair-near-me/

    May 22, 2021 at 09:33 | Report abuse | Reply
  4. vinyl wrap for rv

    This is a topic that's near to my heart... Many thanks! Where are your contact details though?

    http://testphp.vulnweb.com/redir.php?r=https://ocrvcenter.com/rv-repair-shop-seal-beach-california/

    May 22, 2021 at 12:05 | Report abuse | Reply
  5. toad truck near me

    Greetings, I do believe your web site could possibly be having internet browser compatibility issues. Whenever I take a look at your blog in Safari, it looks fine but when opening in Internet Explorer, it has some overlapping issues. I just wanted to give you a quick heads up! Other than that, great website!

    http://formcrm.neoma-bs.fr/inscription/Home/ChangeCulture?lang=fr&returnUrl=http://ocrvcenter.com/motorhome-inspection-near-me

    May 22, 2021 at 14:44 | Report abuse | Reply
  6. RV Roof Riverside

    http://www.etracker.de/lnkcnt.php?et=qPKGYV&url=https://ocrv.pro/rv-repair-shop-signal-hill-california

    May 22, 2021 at 15:59 | Report abuse | Reply
  7. rv vinyl wrap

    https://www.music-style.info/music-style/rank.cgi?mode=link&id=7897&url=https://www.ocrvcenter.com/rv-repair-shop-costa-mesa-california

    May 22, 2021 at 22:27 | Report abuse | Reply
  8. Social Media Marketing Specialists

    Great article. I will be experiencing many of these issues as well..

    http://shopaim.info/__media__/js/netsoltrademark.php?d=affordableranking.com

    May 22, 2021 at 22:51 | Report abuse | Reply
  9. collision center of temecula

    Oh my goodness! Incredible article dude! Thank you, However I am going through troubles with your RSS. I don’t understand the reason why I can't join it. Is there anybody having similar RSS issues? Anybody who knows the solution will you kindly respond? Thanks!!

    https://athemes.ru/go?https://ocrvcenter.com/rv-repair-near-me/

    May 23, 2021 at 02:44 | Report abuse | Reply
  10. seranganbalik.com

    I like the valuable info you provide in your articles.
    I will bookmark your weblog and check again here
    frequently. I am quite sure I'll learn many new stuff right here!
    Good luck for the next!

    May 23, 2021 at 08:55 | Report abuse | Reply
  11. medical spa Texas

    I think this is among the most vital info for me. And i am glad reading your
    article. But wanna remark on few general things,
    The website style is wonderful, the articles is really great : D.

    Good job, cheers

    Also visit my web blog; medical spa Texas

    May 23, 2021 at 15:22 | Report abuse | Reply
  12. Internet Marketing Businesses

    Excellent post. I certainly appreciate this site. Continue the good work!

    http://www.bookr.com/__media__/js/netsoltrademark.php?d=https://affordableranking.com/

    May 24, 2021 at 01:28 | Report abuse | Reply
  13. หวย

    It is perfect time to make some plans for the future and it is
    time to be happy. I have read this post and if I could I desire to suggest you some interesting things or tips.

    Perhaps you could write next articles referring to this article.

    I want to read even more things about it!

    May 24, 2021 at 03:04 | Report abuse | Reply
  14. ufabet

    การที่จะใช้สเต็ปนี้นั้น พวกเราจะต้องดูห้องหน้าล็อบบี้ก่อนว่า ณ
    ห้องนั้นๆมีเค้าไพ่ลักษณะแบบใด รวมทั้งมีเค้าไพ่ที่มีลักษณะแบบคู่ไหม รวมทั้งจะใช้ได้ตอนไหนที่เค้าไพ่สเต็ปนี้เริ่มปรากฏตัวออกมา พวกเราจะมายกตัวอย่างกันว่าควรที่จะใช้เคล็ดวิธีนี้อย่างไร สเต็ป3-3 อันดับแรกเลยเป็นสังเกตที่เค้าไพ่ปัจจุบันว่ามีเค้าไพ่ที่ออกมาเรียงกัน3ไม้หรือไม่ ถ้าหากออกมาในลักษณะนี้ เตรียมวางเครดิตตัดสวนได้เลย ได้แก่ สีแดงออกมาแล้ว3ไม้ ไม้ที่4-6ตัดสวนด้วยอีกฝั่งได้เลย ซึ่งมันก็คือ สีน้ำเงิน

    May 24, 2021 at 06:33 | Report abuse | Reply
  15. slotxo

    I am curious to find out what blog system you are utilizing?
    I'm having some small security problems with my latest blog and I'd like to
    find something more safeguarded. Do you have any recommendations?

    May 24, 2021 at 07:19 | Report abuse | Reply
  16. orange county tire

    After I initially left a comment I appear to have clicked on the -Notify me when new comments are added- checkbox and now whenever a comment is added I receive 4 emails with the exact same comment. There has to be a means you are able to remove me from that service? Cheers!

    http://ycaistock.com/home/link.php?url=http://diplingpaedmediatorreiter.eu/index.php?option=com_phocaguestbook&view=phocaguestbook&id=1&Itemid=4&limitstart=63220

    May 24, 2021 at 20:34 | Report abuse | Reply
  17. Content Marketing Companies

    http://www.martindenz.net/__media__/js/netsoltrademark.php?d=www.affordableranking.com

    May 25, 2021 at 00:24 | Report abuse | Reply
  18. SEO Marketing Consultants

    http://www.linuxadvocates.com/__media__/js/netsoltrademark.php?d=affordableranking.com

    May 25, 2021 at 04:28 | Report abuse | Reply
  19. rewrite essay typer

    This blog was... how do I say it? Relevant!! Finally I've found something
    which helped me. Many thanks!

    May 25, 2021 at 07:14 | Report abuse | Reply
  20. Local Marketing Agencies Near Me

    http://www.mamillajerusalem.com/__media__/js/netsoltrademark.php?d=affordableranking.com

    May 25, 2021 at 07:21 | Report abuse | Reply
  21. judi slot online

    Keep this going please, great job!

    May 25, 2021 at 09:06 | Report abuse | Reply
  22. Google Marketing Specialists

    Good post. I learn something totally new and challenging on blogs I stumbleupon everyday. It will always be helpful to read through content from other writers and use something from other websites.

    http://www.folsomurgentcare.com/__media__/js/netsoltrademark.php?d=affordableranking.com

    May 25, 2021 at 10:05 | Report abuse | Reply
  23. Social Media Marketing Agencies

    https://www.prettyfulpower.org/__media__/js/netsoltrademark.php?d=affordableranking.com

    May 25, 2021 at 14:32 | Report abuse | Reply
  24. Local Marketing Firm

    Hi, I do believe this is an excellent website. I stumbledupon it 😉 I am going to come back yet again since i have book-marked it. Money and freedom is the best way to change, may you be rich and continue to help others.

    http://www.blood-arena.ru/forum/go.php?https://affordableranking.com

    May 25, 2021 at 15:40 | Report abuse | Reply
  25. Local Marketing Companies Near Me

    I’m impressed, I have to admit. Seldom do I encounter a blog that’s both equally educative and interesting, and let me tell you, you've hit the nail on the head. The problem is something which too few men and women are speaking intelligently about. Now i'm very happy I found this during my search for something concerning this.

    https://www.thearchitectsincorporated.com/__media__/js/netsoltrademark.php?d=affordableranking.com

    May 25, 2021 at 16:04 | Report abuse | Reply
  26. Content Marketing Service

    http://galaxybizarre.com/__media__/js/netsoltrademark.php?d=www.affordableranking.com

    May 25, 2021 at 16:24 | Report abuse | Reply
  27. Internet Marketing Specialists

    Pretty! This was an extremely wonderful article. Thanks for supplying this information.

    https://frw.thegrill.biz/__media__/js/netsoltrademark.php?d=affordableranking.com

    May 25, 2021 at 18:35 | Report abuse | Reply
  28. Internet Marketing Consultants

    https://community.esri.com/external-link.jspa?url=http://www.affordableranking.com

    May 25, 2021 at 20:14 | Report abuse | Reply
  29. recreational vehicle repair service

    http://cdn.embedded.com/common/jumplink.php?target=https://financialbureauconsulting.com.br/blog/2017/04/03/a-analise-da-semana-03-04-qual-o-foguete-que-vai-decolar/

    May 26, 2021 at 04:25 | Report abuse | Reply
  30. RV Bedroom Near Me

    I was excited to discover this page. I want to to thank you for ones time due to this fantastic read!! I definitely really liked every part of it and i also have you book-marked to see new information on your web site.

    http://lists.websolutions.com/redirector.asp?e=3304943442344678&URL=http://favorites.co.in/profile/NoemiMarsh/

    May 26, 2021 at 06:08 | Report abuse | Reply
  31. refrigerators orange county

    http://matomex.com/dir/rank.cgi?mode=link&id=1406&url=http://fitnessisrael.co.il/?p=6490&cpage=1328

    May 26, 2021 at 06:15 | Report abuse | Reply
  32. solar orange county

    Aw, this was a really good post. Spending some time and actual effort to create a superb article… but what can I say… I procrastinate a lot and never seem to get nearly anything done.

    https://fanslations.azurewebsites.net/release/out/takami-no-kago-chapter-39/11534/?url=https://418418.jp/archives/81997

    May 26, 2021 at 08:31 | Report abuse | Reply
  33. Internet Marketing Service Near Me

    Great blog you have here.. Itís hard to find quality writing like yours nowadays. I really appreciate people like you! Take care!!

    http://neurostar.com/en/redirect.php?url=https://meticulousjessmarketing.com/

    May 26, 2021 at 09:42 | Report abuse | Reply
  34. california coach towing orange

    Your style is unique compared to other people I have read stuff from. Thank you for posting when you have the opportunity, Guess I'll just bookmark this blog.

    /

    May 26, 2021 at 10:06 | Report abuse | Reply
  35. Pump Windshield Washer Sprinter Repair

    Your style is unique compared to other folks I have read stuff from. Thanks for posting when you have the opportunity, Guess I'll just book mark this site.

    http://yellowpages.sooeveningnews.com/__media__/js/netsoltrademark.php?d=commercialvanrepairshop.com/rv-frame-repair-shop-near-me

    May 26, 2021 at 17:57 | Report abuse | Reply
  36. Southern California Sprinter Repair

    https://www.etypeservices.com/Flash/LinkRedirection.aspx?IssueID=46912&Returnurl=https://fleetrepairshops.com/coachmen-van-repair-shop-near-me

    May 26, 2021 at 19:49 | Report abuse | Reply
  37. RV Awning California

    Right here is the right webpage for anybody who wishes to understand this topic. You understand a whole lot its almost hard to argue with you (not that I really would want to…HaHa). You certainly put a brand new spin on a subject that's been written about for many years. Excellent stuff, just wonderful!

    https://www.podcastone.com/site/rd?satype=40&said=4&aaid=email&camid=-4999600036534929178&url=https://ocrvart.com/semi-truck-collision-repair-shop-near-me

    May 26, 2021 at 19:50 | Report abuse | Reply
  38. Repair 2005 Sprinter Ecm

    https://www.bioguiden.se/redirect.aspx?url=https://boxtruckrepairshop.com/executive-van-repair-shop-near-me

    May 26, 2021 at 22:06 | Report abuse | Reply
  39. dash store calabasas ca

    I need to to thank you for this very good read!! I absolutely loved every bit of it. I have you book-marked to look at new things you post…

    https://hr.pecom.ru/bitrix/rk.php?goto=https://ocrv.org/utility-van-collision-repair-paint-shop-near-me-orange-county

    May 26, 2021 at 23:21 | Report abuse | Reply
  40. RV Flooring Riverside

    http://kebrt.webz.cz/download.php?url=https://ocrvcenter.net/rv-furniture-repair-near-me

    May 27, 2021 at 02:32 | Report abuse | Reply
  41. rv windshield repair near me

    The next time I read a blog, I hope that it won't disappoint me just as much as this particular one. After all, Yes, it was my choice to read, nonetheless I really believed you'd have something interesting to say. All I hear is a bunch of moaning about something that you could fix if you weren't too busy searching for attention.

    https://businesscatalyst.com/Redirect.aspx?destination=https://ocrv.art/rv-repair-shop-newport-beach-california

    May 27, 2021 at 05:27 | Report abuse | Reply
  42. Forest Dotstry

    http://www.offf.ws/__media__/js/netsoltrademark.php?d=bulknearme.com

    May 27, 2021 at 06:24 | Report abuse | Reply
  43. Noe Wasmund

    Aw, this was a very nice post. Spending some time and actual effort to generate a really good article… but what can I say… I put things off a whole lot and never manage to get anything done.

    http://enseignants.flammarion.com/Banners_Click.cfm?ID=86&URL=www.cosmetologisthub.com

    May 27, 2021 at 08:51 | Report abuse | Reply
  44. RV Center Near Me

    Good post. I am experiencing a few of these issues as well..

    https://nowlifestyle.com/redir.php?k=9a4e080456dabe5eebc8863cde7b1b48&url=https://ocrv.world/class-a-collision-repair-shop-near-me

    May 27, 2021 at 09:20 | Report abuse | Reply
  45. RV Cabinet California

    http://yumi.rgr.jp/puku-board/kboard.cgi?mode=res_html&owner=proscar&url=ocrvshop.com/rv-repair-shop-lake-balboa-california

    May 27, 2021 at 11:14 | Report abuse | Reply
  46. Ellen Fleak

    http://citidex.sfgov.org/cgi-bin/sunindex/getData.cgi?docColor=deptsonly&dispRec=yes&contact=TedYamasaki&phone=(415)557-4815&url=www.wholesalenearme.com

    May 27, 2021 at 11:44 | Report abuse | Reply
  47. Used Forklift Extensions California

    This is the right blog for anyone who really wants to understand this topic. You realize a whole lot its almost hard to argue with you (not that I really will need to…HaHa). You certainly put a fresh spin on a topic that's been discussed for years. Great stuff, just excellent!

    http://rd.alice.it/r3/redir.asp?url=http://forkliftswildwestlifttrucks.com/forklift-dealer-orange-county-california

    May 27, 2021 at 20:00 | Report abuse | Reply
  48. link alternatif maha168

    Hello there! I simply would like to offer you a huge thumbs up for the great information you have got here on this post.
    I'll be returning to your website for more soon.

    May 27, 2021 at 22:18 | Report abuse | Reply
  49. https://labrunerie.com

    I simply could not depart your website before suggesting that I actually loved the usual
    information a person provide in your guests? Is going to be
    back ceaselessly to investigate cross-check new
    posts

    May 28, 2021 at 00:22 | Report abuse | Reply
  50. bus repair shops near me

    It’s hard to come by knowledgeable people about this subject, but you sound like you know what you’re talking about! Thanks

    https://www.sprinter-forum.de/clickcounter?url=http://ocrvshop.com/rv-repair-shop-huntington-beach-california

    May 28, 2021 at 00:46 | Report abuse | Reply
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

Post a comment


 

CNN welcomes a lively and courteous discussion as long as you follow the Rules of Conduct set forth in our Terms of Service. Comments are not pre-screened before they post. You agree that anything you post may be used, along with your name and profile picture, in accordance with our Privacy Policy and the license you have granted pursuant to our Terms of Service.

Advertisement
About this blog

Get a behind-the-scenes look at the latest stories from CNN Chief Medical Correspondent, Dr. Sanjay Gupta, Senior Medical Correspondent Elizabeth Cohen and the CNN Medical Unit producers. They'll share news and views on health and medical trends - info that will help you take better care of yourself and the people you love.