home
RSS
Study: PTSD signals longer-term health problems
January 3rd, 2011
04:35 PM ET

Study: PTSD signals longer-term health problems

U. S. soldiers who experienced post-traumatic stress disorder  during combat in Iraq were more likely to experience longer-term health problems including depression, headaches, tinnitis, irritability and memory problems compared with soldiers who experienced only concussions without PTSD. The study concludes that screening for PTSD among troops is critical for identifying and treating long-term health problems. The findings are published in the JAMA Archives of General Psychiatry.

Since Operation Desert Storm launched 20  years ago, millions of U.S. troops have been deployed to Iraq and Afghanistan.  Combat exposure often places troops at risk of suffering psychological trauma and injury when they are exposed to the blasts from improvised explosive devices, according to background information in the study, and traumatic brain injury has often been called the “signature injury” of the conflicts. The study says that most TBIs are mild – better known as concussions. The symptoms of concussion, or MTBI,  include loss of consciousness, loss of memory, dizziness, and headache.

Recognizing the increased risk of MTBI and PTSD, the Department of Defense and the VA have instituted post-deployment screening to identify service members who may require further treatment or evaluation. The researchers explain that while other studies have shown that PTSD is linked to long-term health problems and disability, less is known about the long-term effects of concussion on health problems.

University of Minnesota Medical School and Minneapolis Veterans Affairs health care system researchers surveyed 2,677 soldiers from a U.S. National Guard Brigade Combat Team stationed in Iraq. Participants completed their first questionnaire in 2007, one month before their 16-month deployment ended. They answered questions about whether they had experienced a concussion,  and whether they were experiencing symptoms of PTSD and depression. 1,935 of those who took the first survey agreed to participate in further research. One year after they completed their first survey, the soldiers were mailed a second survey and 953 soldiers responded.

The first survey revealed that 9.2% of soldiers experienced symptoms of concussions and 30.2 percent of those soldiers had probable PTSD at the time of the survey. When they took the second survey, 22 percent of soldiers, twice as many, reported they had experienced concussions and of those, 30.4 percent got a diagnosis of probable PTSD. Reporting PTSD at the time of the first survey was strongly associated with having long-term health problems.

After adjusting for PTSD, the study found that those who experienced concussions without PTSD showed no lingering health effects. However, those with PTSD and MTBI experienced post-concussive symptoms and health problems including depression, irritability, memory problems and headaches.

“The present study is the first, to our knowledge, to show that a history of concussion/MTBI alone does not contribute to long-term impairments in the health and well-being of Operation Iraqi Freedom on veterans," the researchers wrote. "These data showing that PTSD often underlies persisting post-concussion syndrome suggest that early identification and evidence-based treatment of PTSD may be critical to management of post-deployment post-concussion symptoms,” the researchers conclude.

“Although combat-related PTSD was strongly associated with post-concussive symptoms and psychosocial outcomes one year after soldiers return from Iraq, there was little evidence of a long-term negative impact of concussion/mild traumatic brain injury history on these outcomes after accounting for PTSD,” the authors write in their conclusion. “These findings and the two-fold increase in reports of deployment-related concussion/MTBI history have important implications for screening and treatment,” according to the study.


soundoff (249 Responses)
  1. EncoxHtf

    cialis lilly brand https://cialishav.com/ – cialis 20mg online cialis discount walgreens

    May 29, 2021 at 10:55 | Report abuse | Reply
  2. EncoxAni

    cheap canadian pharmacies https://pharmacyken.com/ – top 10 pharmacies in india trusted canadian online pharmacies

    May 29, 2021 at 12:03 | Report abuse | Reply
  3. EncoxGtv

    rx logo pharmacy prescription drugs name rx pharmacy coupons review

    May 29, 2021 at 13:11 | Report abuse | Reply
  4. CrulkAsd

    generic cialis https://cialisjla.com/ – get online cialis without prescription overnight us online cialis

    May 29, 2021 at 20:00 | Report abuse | Reply
  5. MileSwa

    non prescription cialis https://ckacialis.com/ – rush delivery on cialis cialis us

    May 30, 2021 at 23:51 | Report abuse | Reply
  6. EncoxDev

    canadian pharmacy painkillers canada otc drugs online pharmacy store hyderabad

    May 31, 2021 at 16:43 | Report abuse | Reply
  7. MileSwa

    cialis professional 20 lowest price viagar vs cialis cheap cialis

    June 1, 2021 at 05:02 | Report abuse | Reply
  8. Zisseloh

    who makes cialis how to get cialis covered by insurance cialis sale

    June 1, 2021 at 07:24 | Report abuse | Reply
  9. ZisseVed

    cialis. cialis where to buy free cialis sample pack canada

    June 1, 2021 at 12:57 | Report abuse | Reply
  10. ZisseVed

    free cialis sample pack canada how to use cialis find cialis online

    June 1, 2021 at 13:27 | Report abuse | Reply
  11. Zisseloh

    when is generic cialis available in us does cialis cause skin cancer review of cialis

    June 2, 2021 at 03:31 | Report abuse | Reply
  12. EncoxDev

    Fincar cipa certified canadian pharmacy cvs pharmacy 24 hours store locator

    June 2, 2021 at 03:39 | Report abuse | Reply
  13. CrulkAsd

    cialis online cheap free samples cialis cialis using paypal

    June 2, 2021 at 09:41 | Report abuse | Reply
  14. EncoxAni

    recommended canadian online pharmacies cialis from canadian pharmacy opti rx pharmacy

    June 2, 2021 at 17:25 | Report abuse | Reply
  15. EncoxHtf

    cheap. generic cialisis cheap cialis canadian cheap tadalafil

    June 2, 2021 at 21:19 | Report abuse | Reply
  16. EncoxGtv

    prescription drugs itching cheapest canada drugs canadian drug pharmacy promo code

    June 3, 2021 at 19:56 | Report abuse | Reply
  17. EncoxGtv

    online mail order pharmacy canada king pharmacy retin a canadian pharmacy

    June 3, 2021 at 23:54 | Report abuse | Reply
  18. EncoxHtf

    cialis and alcohol 20mg cialis online cialis 20 mg soft

    June 4, 2021 at 10:10 | Report abuse | Reply
  19. EncoxAni

    northern pharmacy canada no 1 canadian pharmacy reviews compound pharmacy online

    June 4, 2021 at 11:01 | Report abuse | Reply
  20. CrulkAsd

    cialis online paypal genaric cialis with dapoxetine herbal cialis

    June 4, 2021 at 16:17 | Report abuse | Reply
  21. MileSwa

    cialis without a prescription paypal cialis switzerland cialis samples free

    June 7, 2021 at 11:07 | Report abuse | Reply
  22. EncoxDev

    wellbutrin xl canada pharmacy Flomax reputable canadian pharmacies online

    June 7, 2021 at 16:34 | Report abuse | Reply
  23. Zisseloh

    order cialis online getting cialis in bc does anthem blue cross cover cialis

    June 8, 2021 at 06:55 | Report abuse | Reply
  24. tadalafil cost walmart

    how long does tadalafil last tadalafil alcohol buy tadalafil powder

    June 8, 2021 at 11:37 | Report abuse | Reply
  25. ZisseVed

    is there a generic form of cialis cialis pill generic when to take cialis for best results

    June 8, 2021 at 17:46 | Report abuse | Reply
  26. ZisseVed

    how long cialis women taking cialis cialis online overnight shipping

    June 8, 2021 at 18:18 | Report abuse | Reply
  27. MileSwa

    chinese cialis cialis price australia cialis paypal payment

    June 9, 2021 at 00:33 | Report abuse | Reply
  28. EncoxDev

    Depakote best online international pharmacies rx pharmacy shop coupon code

    June 9, 2021 at 05:58 | Report abuse | Reply
  29. Zisseloh

    tadalafil (cialis) cialis samples free cialis prices at walmart

    June 9, 2021 at 06:05 | Report abuse | Reply
  30. EncoxAni

    schedule rx pharmacy one source trusted online canadian pharmacy reviews trustworthy canadian online pharmacy

    June 9, 2021 at 11:13 | Report abuse | Reply
  31. EncoxHtf

    cialis onine buy cialis 36 hour cialis in women

    June 9, 2021 at 13:54 | Report abuse | Reply
  32. CrulkAsd

    cialis usa cialis 5mg no prescription selling cialis in us

    June 9, 2021 at 17:51 | Report abuse | Reply
  33. EncoxGtv

    carefirst rx pharmacy mail order drugs from canada pharmacy online school

    June 12, 2021 at 06:57 | Report abuse | Reply
  34. EncoxGtv

    reviews of canadian pharmacies online prescription drugs Careprost

    June 12, 2021 at 12:06 | Report abuse | Reply
  35. EncoxAni

    mexican online pharmacy cvs pharmacy jobs apply online Trazodone

    June 12, 2021 at 20:16 | Report abuse | Reply
  36. EncoxHtf

    cialis alternative cialis online mastercard bye cialis online from usa

    June 12, 2021 at 22:58 | Report abuse | Reply
  37. chloroquin

    hydroclorizine chloroquine coronavirus hydrocychloroquine

    June 13, 2021 at 10:07 | Report abuse | Reply
  38. CrulkAsd

    purchase cialis online cheap female cialis online order cialis online no prescription australia

    June 13, 2021 at 21:38 | Report abuse | Reply
  39. MileSwa

    generic cialis 200 mg cialis black cialis walmart price

    June 14, 2021 at 06:42 | Report abuse | Reply
  40. Candace Borcuk

    Great articles. Thank you for the information free online elementary spanish lessons

    https://www.spanishtogo.app

    June 25, 2021 at 13:53 | Report abuse | Reply
1 2 3 4 5

Leave a Reply to EncoxAni


 

CNN welcomes a lively and courteous discussion as long as you follow the Rules of Conduct set forth in our Terms of Service. Comments are not pre-screened before they post. You agree that anything you post may be used, along with your name and profile picture, in accordance with our Privacy Policy and the license you have granted pursuant to our Terms of Service.

Advertisement
About this blog

Get a behind-the-scenes look at the latest stories from CNN Chief Medical Correspondent, Dr. Sanjay Gupta, Senior Medical Correspondent Elizabeth Cohen and the CNN Medical Unit producers. They'll share news and views on health and medical trends - info that will help you take better care of yourself and the people you love.