Study: PTSD signals longer-term health problems
January 3rd, 2011
04:35 PM ET

Study: PTSD signals longer-term health problems

U. S. soldiers who experienced post-traumatic stress disorder  during combat in Iraq were more likely to experience longer-term health problems including depression, headaches, tinnitis, irritability and memory problems compared with soldiers who experienced only concussions without PTSD. The study concludes that screening for PTSD among troops is critical for identifying and treating long-term health problems. The findings are published in the JAMA Archives of General Psychiatry.

Since Operation Desert Storm launched 20  years ago, millions of U.S. troops have been deployed to Iraq and Afghanistan.  Combat exposure often places troops at risk of suffering psychological trauma and injury when they are exposed to the blasts from improvised explosive devices, according to background information in the study, and traumatic brain injury has often been called the “signature injury” of the conflicts. The study says that most TBIs are mild – better known as concussions. The symptoms of concussion, or MTBI,  include loss of consciousness, loss of memory, dizziness, and headache.

Recognizing the increased risk of MTBI and PTSD, the Department of Defense and the VA have instituted post-deployment screening to identify service members who may require further treatment or evaluation. The researchers explain that while other studies have shown that PTSD is linked to long-term health problems and disability, less is known about the long-term effects of concussion on health problems.

University of Minnesota Medical School and Minneapolis Veterans Affairs health care system researchers surveyed 2,677 soldiers from a U.S. National Guard Brigade Combat Team stationed in Iraq. Participants completed their first questionnaire in 2007, one month before their 16-month deployment ended. They answered questions about whether they had experienced a concussion,  and whether they were experiencing symptoms of PTSD and depression. 1,935 of those who took the first survey agreed to participate in further research. One year after they completed their first survey, the soldiers were mailed a second survey and 953 soldiers responded.

The first survey revealed that 9.2% of soldiers experienced symptoms of concussions and 30.2 percent of those soldiers had probable PTSD at the time of the survey. When they took the second survey, 22 percent of soldiers, twice as many, reported they had experienced concussions and of those, 30.4 percent got a diagnosis of probable PTSD. Reporting PTSD at the time of the first survey was strongly associated with having long-term health problems.

After adjusting for PTSD, the study found that those who experienced concussions without PTSD showed no lingering health effects. However, those with PTSD and MTBI experienced post-concussive symptoms and health problems including depression, irritability, memory problems and headaches.

“The present study is the first, to our knowledge, to show that a history of concussion/MTBI alone does not contribute to long-term impairments in the health and well-being of Operation Iraqi Freedom on veterans," the researchers wrote. "These data showing that PTSD often underlies persisting post-concussion syndrome suggest that early identification and evidence-based treatment of PTSD may be critical to management of post-deployment post-concussion symptoms,” the researchers conclude.

“Although combat-related PTSD was strongly associated with post-concussive symptoms and psychosocial outcomes one year after soldiers return from Iraq, there was little evidence of a long-term negative impact of concussion/mild traumatic brain injury history on these outcomes after accounting for PTSD,” the authors write in their conclusion. “These findings and the two-fold increase in reports of deployment-related concussion/MTBI history have important implications for screening and treatment,” according to the study.

soundoff (249 Responses)
  1. AbgcEncox

    https://thesiswritingtob.com/ – free thesis help phd online thesis advice phd no thesis

    March 23, 2021 at 13:43 | Report abuse | Reply
  2. FbshEncox

    https://thesisacloud.com/ – thesis template thesis statistics professional thesis writing service thesis writing service uk

    March 24, 2021 at 05:44 | Report abuse | Reply
  3. jarge Playmn

    Порно Фильмы – Огромная онлайн коллекция с бесплатным порно видео и ежедневными обновлениеми на любой вкус. Русское, домашнее, секс видео зрелых, анал, красивые девушки, бдсм, видео молодых, жены, измены, сиськи и другие категории. Смотреть порно фильмы можно как на компьютере так и на мобильном телефоне!

    March 24, 2021 at 12:11 | Report abuse | Reply
  4. AbgcEncox

    https://thesiswritingtob.com/ – doctoral thesis defense phd thesis help thesis guidelines master thesis writing service

    March 26, 2021 at 07:19 | Report abuse | Reply
  5. LmoppEncox

    http://essaywriteris.com/ – essay writer generator write my essay south park best writing service looking for someone to write my essay

    March 26, 2021 at 23:40 | Report abuse | Reply
  6. FbshEncox

    https://thesisacloud.com/ – help me write a thesis statement for free thesis abstracts online phd thesis writing example thesis

    March 27, 2021 at 00:11 | Report abuse | Reply
  7. GrvCrulk

    https://kloviagrli.com/ – female viagra pills https://vigedon.com/ – buy generic viagra online usa https://llecialisjaw.com/ – how long for cialis to peak https://jwcialislrt.com/ – canadian online pharmacy cialis https://jecialisbn.com/ – order cialis canada

    March 30, 2021 at 08:33 | Report abuse | Reply
  8. BrfgMile

    https://ljcialishe.com/ – best time to take cialis 20mg https://cialisvja.com/ – how long for cialis to peak https://viagraonlinejc.com/ – viagra gel https://viagratx.com/ – does viagra lower your blood pressure https://buycialisxz.com/ – how long before sex should i take cialis

    March 31, 2021 at 09:40 | Report abuse | Reply
  9. AbgcEncox

    https://thesiswritingtob.com/ – who to write a thesis thesis proposal writing service master thesis writing service thesis assistance

    March 31, 2021 at 13:17 | Report abuse | Reply
  10. FbshEncox

    https://thesisacloud.com/ – thesis statistics help thesis review thesis search education thesis

    April 1, 2021 at 05:36 | Report abuse | Reply
  11. AbgcEncox

    https://thesiswritingtob.com/ – thesiswritingtob.com thesis proposal example thesiswritingtob.com thesis writing practice

    April 8, 2021 at 06:43 | Report abuse | Reply
  12. FbshEncox

    https://thesisacloud.com/ – thesisacloud.com thesis writing service thesisacloud.com best thesis writing

    April 8, 2021 at 22:45 | Report abuse | Reply
  13. LrbsEncox

    levitra dosage recommended http://uslevitraanna.com/ levitra uk online

    April 23, 2021 at 05:06 | Report abuse | Reply
  14. BbdfMile

    cheap viagra pills http://gensitecil.com/ order viagra

    April 23, 2021 at 12:41 | Report abuse | Reply
  15. RfvbZisse

    originial cialis http://cileve.com/ buy generic cialis

    April 23, 2021 at 21:20 | Report abuse | Reply
  16. LhdvZisse

    buy cialis online in canada http://asciled.com/ cialis superactive

    April 24, 2021 at 04:47 | Report abuse | Reply
  17. LhdvZisse

    generic cialisw https://asciled.com/ – cialisis cialis dosage

    April 24, 2021 at 05:27 | Report abuse | Reply
  18. GvdbCrulk

    tadalafil tablets uses https://boxtadafil.com/ tadalafil tablets online

    April 24, 2021 at 16:28 | Report abuse | Reply
  19. AbdgEncox

    Zofran http://canadianeve21.com/ no 1 canadian pharcharmy online

    April 24, 2021 at 22:45 | Report abuse | Reply
  20. RfvbZisse

    viagra or cialis https://cileve.com/ cialis low prices

    April 25, 2021 at 00:16 | Report abuse | Reply
  21. FbsfEncox

    Januvia https://uspharmus.com/ – Baclofen drug prices comparison

    April 25, 2021 at 02:08 | Report abuse | Reply
  22. LrbsEncox

    how long does levitra 20 mg last when does levitra patent expire levitra how to use

    April 25, 2021 at 04:14 | Report abuse | Reply
  23. JbsdEncox

    canada prescription drugs https://onlinecanda21.com/ Mobic

    April 26, 2021 at 08:36 | Report abuse | Reply
  24. JbsdEncox

    Viagra Professional prescription drugs without prior prescription п»їed meds online without doctor prescription

    April 26, 2021 at 14:11 | Report abuse | Reply
  25. AbdgEncox

    Capoten https://canadianeve21.com/ discount prescription drugs online

    April 27, 2021 at 12:45 | Report abuse | Reply
  26. FbsfEncox

    online canadian pharmacies http://uspharmus.com/ Starlix

    April 27, 2021 at 15:16 | Report abuse | Reply
  27. GvdbCrulk

    savar tadalafil https://boxtadafil.com/ tadalafil or sildenafil

    April 28, 2021 at 09:05 | Report abuse | Reply
  28. RfvbZisse

    cialis https://cileve.com/ whats better viagra or cialis

    April 30, 2021 at 12:08 | Report abuse | Reply
  29. BbdfMile

    viagra foods https://gensitecil.com/ is viagra covered by medicaid

    April 30, 2021 at 15:37 | Report abuse | Reply
  30. LrbsEncox

    how much does levitra cost at cvs https://uslevitraanna.com/ levitra us

    April 30, 2021 at 15:49 | Report abuse | Reply
  31. LhdvZisse

    overnight delivery cialis https://asciled.com/ cialis viagra gr

    April 30, 2021 at 20:41 | Report abuse | Reply
  32. LhdvZisse

    cialis no consultation https://asciled.com/ cialis

    April 30, 2021 at 21:29 | Report abuse | Reply
  33. RfvbZisse

    cialis for sale canada http://cileve.com/ viagra vs cialis which is better

    May 1, 2021 at 20:38 | Report abuse | Reply
  34. LrbsEncox

    what is levitra 20 mg used for https://uslevitraanna.com/ levitra cost walmart

    May 2, 2021 at 17:18 | Report abuse | Reply
  35. AbdgEncox

    Casodex http://canadianeve21.com/ prescription drug

    May 3, 2021 at 03:40 | Report abuse | Reply
  36. LebnEncox

    global pharmacy https://xlnpharmacy.com/ Suhagra

    May 3, 2021 at 22:47 | Report abuse | Reply
  37. BbshMile

    cost of generic viagra http://loxviagra.com/ adderall and viagra

    May 4, 2021 at 02:35 | Report abuse | Reply
  38. RebfZisse

    buy cialis canada https://rcialisgl.com/ cialis not working

    May 4, 2021 at 19:50 | Report abuse | Reply
  39. GtnbCrulk

    viagra 100mg street price https://jokviagra.com/ what happens if a female takes viagra

    May 5, 2021 at 00:08 | Report abuse | Reply
  40. LbsoZisse

    cialis online overnight shipping https://ucialisdas.com/ cialis quebec dollars canadien

    May 5, 2021 at 01:50 | Report abuse | Reply
  41. LbsoZisse

    generic cialis (tadalafil) 20mg https://ucialisdas.com/ – cialis australia online cialis on line

    May 5, 2021 at 02:23 | Report abuse | Reply
  42. RebfZisse

    top sale viagracialis http://rcialisgl.com/ – cialis payment paypal top sale viagracialis

    May 5, 2021 at 21:59 | Report abuse | Reply
  43. LebnEncox

    online pharmacy delivery https://xlnpharmacy.com/ cheap viagra online canadian pharmacy

    May 6, 2021 at 05:06 | Report abuse | Reply
  44. AnooEncox

    indian ayurvedic viagra http://llviagra.com/ – cost of viagra in turkey viagra 100 precio

    May 6, 2021 at 08:38 | Report abuse | Reply
  45. FmrfEncox

    what color is cialis pill https://cialisee.com/ buy generic cialis

    May 6, 2021 at 14:07 | Report abuse | Reply
  46. JebgEncox

    nearest drug store http://pharmacylo.com/ best canadian pharmacy no prescription

    May 7, 2021 at 13:18 | Report abuse | Reply
  47. JebgEncox

    pharmacy rx https://pharmacylo.com/ Lexapro

    May 7, 2021 at 19:17 | Report abuse | Reply
  48. GtnbCrulk

    natural viagra pills http://jokviagra.com/ cheapest viagra online

    May 8, 2021 at 00:47 | Report abuse | Reply
  49. FmrfEncox

    cialis black http://cialisee.com/ – cialis\' generic cialis next day delivery

    May 8, 2021 at 16:56 | Report abuse | Reply
  50. AnooEncox

    viagra og lungeГёdem http://llviagra.com/ – will happen if girl takes viagra blog achat viagra

    May 8, 2021 at 18:35 | Report abuse | Reply
1 2 3 4 5

Post a comment


CNN welcomes a lively and courteous discussion as long as you follow the Rules of Conduct set forth in our Terms of Service. Comments are not pre-screened before they post. You agree that anything you post may be used, along with your name and profile picture, in accordance with our Privacy Policy and the license you have granted pursuant to our Terms of Service.

About this blog

Get a behind-the-scenes look at the latest stories from CNN Chief Medical Correspondent, Dr. Sanjay Gupta, Senior Medical Correspondent Elizabeth Cohen and the CNN Medical Unit producers. They'll share news and views on health and medical trends - info that will help you take better care of yourself and the people you love.