October 22nd, 2010
02:09 PM ET

Cholera can be deadly within hours

Cholera is a bacterial illness that causes severe diarrhea and dehydration and can be lethal within hours if a person is not treated.

"This is a bacteria that actually is in the environment. It's in brackish water in the river. It can be in seacoasts and if the environmental conditions are not right, the cholera bacteria can grow up and then anyone who ingests that water or food that comes from that water or food that is prepared with that water can get ill," says Dr. William Schaffner, chair of Preventive Medicine at the Vanderbilt University Medical Center.

In an epidemic, cholera can also be spread from the feces of an infected person.  Children and adults alike are vulnerable.  According to the World Health Organization (WHO), three-quarters of people carrying the bacteria have no symptoms. For those who do get sick, the main symptoms include diarrhea, vomiting, muscle cramps, dehydration and shock. Death can occur if treatment is not immediately administered.
While human remains don’t typically pose a health threat, the WHO notes that bodies of people who have died from cholera do pose a health risk and should be kept away from polluting sources of drinking water.

The WHO estimates  3–5 million people are sickened by cholera each year causing 100,000–120,000 deaths.

The bacteria can spread when human waste enters water systems and people drink the contaminated water or eat food that's been cooked in contaminated water.  While modern sewerage systems have almost completely eliminated cholera in industrialized countries, it can thrive in areas where war, disaster, or extreme poverty forces people to live in crowded and unsanitary conditions, according to the Mayo Clinic.

Cholera is easily treated if people can be rehydrated.  In many cases, giving patients oral rehydration salts can help relieve symtoms.  In more severe cases, IV fluids may and antibiotics are required.   According to the WHO, the fatality rate may be 30-50 percent if left untreated.   Two vaccines are available to prevent cholera, but they are not always readily available in situations where disaster and impoverishment flourish.

Improving sewerage and sanitation conditions is the best way to prevent cholera outbreaks and spread, according to the WHO.  But this is not always practical in times of disaster, where food, hygiene and public health tracking may be compromised.

soundoff (753 Responses)
  1. 부산출장마사지

    This site was... how do I say it? Relevant!! Finally I've found something which helped me. Kudos!


    June 10, 2021 at 14:50 | Report abuse | Reply
  2. 울산출장안마

    After going over a number of the articles on your blog, I really appreciate your technique of writing a blog. I saved as a favorite it to my bookmark webpage list and will be checking back in the near future. Take a look at my website as well and let me know your opinion.


    June 10, 2021 at 15:42 | Report abuse | Reply
  3. 울산출장마사지

    I was able to find good information from your articles.


    June 11, 2021 at 13:27 | Report abuse | Reply
  4. 울산출장안마

    I would like to thank you for the efforts you have put in penning this website. I'm hoping to view the same high-grade blog posts from you in the future as well. In fact, your creative writing abilities has motivated me to get my own, personal site now 😉


    June 11, 2021 at 17:14 | Report abuse | Reply
  5. 양산출장

    This is a really good tip especially to those fresh to the blogosphere. Short but very precise informationÖ Thanks for sharing this one. A must read post!


    June 12, 2021 at 03:38 | Report abuse | Reply
  6. Bruce Nydick

    Ha ha… I was just browsing around and took a glance at these reviews. I can’t believe there’s still this much interest. Thanks for writing about this.


    June 12, 2021 at 07:51 | Report abuse | Reply
  7. MileSwa

    cialis 20mg mailorder abilene can you buy cialis with no prescription cialis with effexor

    June 12, 2021 at 08:16 | Report abuse | Reply
  8. Zisseloh

    cialis online pharmacy [url=https://rcialisgl.com/ ]mex rx cialis[/url] how much is cialis without insurance

    June 12, 2021 at 09:45 | Report abuse | Reply
  9. 대구출장마사지

    This is a topic that is close to my heart... Cheers! Exactly where are your contact details though?


    June 12, 2021 at 11:43 | Report abuse | Reply
  10. 전주 출장안마

    This site was... how do I say it? Relevant!! Finally I've found something which helped me. Appreciate it!


    June 12, 2021 at 15:13 | Report abuse | Reply
  11. mis12days.com

    I was suggested this blog by my cousin. I am not sure whether this post is written by him as nobody else know such
    detailed about my problem. You are incredible!

    June 12, 2021 at 17:40 | Report abuse | Reply
  12. 인천출장마사지

    Howdy! I could have sworn Iíve visited this blog before but after browsing through many of the posts I realized itís new to me. Nonetheless, Iím certainly happy I discovered it and Iíll be bookmarking it and checking back often!


    June 12, 2021 at 21:31 | Report abuse | Reply
  13. 우리카지노



    June 13, 2021 at 00:54 | Report abuse | Reply
  14. 케이출장

    There is definately a great deal to know about this subject. I really like all the points you made.


    June 13, 2021 at 02:56 | Report abuse | Reply
  15. EncoxAni

    cialis 20 mg canada pharmacy [url=https://pharmacyken.com/ ]Femara[/url] levitra online pharmacy

    June 13, 2021 at 03:17 | Report abuse | Reply
  16. EncoxDev

    rite aid pharmacy store hours [url=https://cjepharmacy.com/ ]total rx pharmacy[/url] online pharmacy certification

    June 13, 2021 at 03:49 | Report abuse | Reply
  17. 출장마사지

    I like looking through a post that will make men and women think. Also, thanks for allowing me to comment!


    June 13, 2021 at 04:55 | Report abuse | Reply
  18. 인천출장

    Great info. Lucky me I discovered your site by accident (stumbleupon). I have bookmarked it for later!


    June 13, 2021 at 07:04 | Report abuse | Reply
  19. EncoxDev

    online canadian pharmacy pet meds rate online pharmacies pharmacy technician degree online

    June 13, 2021 at 08:40 | Report abuse | Reply
  20. 전주 출장안마

    I need to to thank you for this very good read!! I absolutely enjoyed every little bit of it. I've got you saved as a favorite to look at new stuff you postÖ


    June 13, 2021 at 12:15 | Report abuse | Reply
  21. EncoxHtf

    buy cialis 36 hour online cialis coupon rite aid brand cialis canada

    June 13, 2021 at 12:49 | Report abuse | Reply
  22. EncoxHtf

    beta blockers and cialis cialis cheap cialis 20mg ????

    June 13, 2021 at 20:51 | Report abuse | Reply
  23. 양산출장

    This site certainly has all of the information I wanted about this subject and didnít know who to ask.


    June 14, 2021 at 08:07 | Report abuse | Reply
  24. 창원출장

    May I simply just say what a relief to discover somebody who actually knows what they're discussing over the internet. You actually realize how to bring an issue to light and make it important. A lot more people must check this out and understand this side of the story. I was surprised you aren't more popular since you surely possess the gift.


    June 14, 2021 at 08:13 | Report abuse | Reply
  25. saw

    Hi are using WordPress for your site platform? I'm new to the blog world but I'm trying to get started and set up
    my own. Do you require any coding knowledge to make your
    own blog? Any help would be really appreciated!

    June 14, 2021 at 09:17 | Report abuse | Reply
  26. 구미출장안마

    Aw, this was a very good post. Spending some time and actual effort to create a superb articleÖ but what can I sayÖ I put things off a lot and don't manage to get nearly anything done.


    June 14, 2021 at 17:43 | Report abuse | Reply
  27. 경주출장안마

    I used to be able to find good info from your articles.


    June 14, 2021 at 21:38 | Report abuse | Reply
  28. 파워볼사이트

    Wonderful article! We will be linking to this great content on our website. Keep up the good writing.


    June 15, 2021 at 01:03 | Report abuse | Reply
  29. 파워볼 사이트

    This is a great tip particularly to those fresh to the blogosphere. Simple but very accurate infoÖ Appreciate your sharing this one. A must read post!


    June 15, 2021 at 01:56 | Report abuse | Reply
  30. 파워볼 최상위 사이트

    Saved as a favorite, I really like your blog!


    June 15, 2021 at 02:05 | Report abuse | Reply
  31. 파워볼 전용 사이트

    The very next time I read a blog, Hopefully it won't fail me just as much as this one. I mean, Yes, it was my choice to read, but I truly thought you would have something helpful to talk about. All I hear is a bunch of crying about something you could fix if you weren't too busy seeking attention.


    June 15, 2021 at 03:31 | Report abuse | Reply
  32. 파워볼전용사이트

    I could not refrain from commenting. Very well written!


    June 15, 2021 at 04:23 | Report abuse | Reply
  33. 파워볼 최상위 사이트

    This is the perfect webpage for everyone who wants to understand this topic. You know a whole lot its almost tough to argue with you (not that I personally would want toÖHaHa). You certainly put a fresh spin on a subject that's been discussed for a long time. Great stuff, just wonderful!


    June 15, 2021 at 07:32 | Report abuse | Reply
  34. 파워볼 최상위 사이트

    Hi, I do think this is an excellent web site. I stumbledupon it 😉 I may return once again since I book-marked it. Money and freedom is the best way to change, may you be rich and continue to help other people.


    June 15, 2021 at 07:50 | Report abuse | Reply
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15

Leave a Reply to alprostadil injection instructions


CNN welcomes a lively and courteous discussion as long as you follow the Rules of Conduct set forth in our Terms of Service. Comments are not pre-screened before they post. You agree that anything you post may be used, along with your name and profile picture, in accordance with our Privacy Policy and the license you have granted pursuant to our Terms of Service.

About this blog

Get a behind-the-scenes look at the latest stories from CNN Chief Medical Correspondent, Dr. Sanjay Gupta, Senior Medical Correspondent Elizabeth Cohen and the CNN Medical Unit producers. They'll share news and views on health and medical trends - info that will help you take better care of yourself and the people you love.