Babies want to speak as early as 7 months
July 15th, 2014
03:09 PM ET

Babies want to speak as early as 7 months

Babies usually start speaking by their first birthday. But new research suggests talking to your baby stimulates his brain well before she utters those first words.

For the study, published Monday in the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, the authors compared how 7- and 11-month-old babies from English-speaking families processed sounds from English and Spanish.

Researchers at the University of Washington looked at 57 babies who were 7, 11 and 12 months old. The babies sat in an egg-shaped, noninvasive brain scanner that measures brain activation and listened to speech sounds played over a loudspeaker.

The researchers examined patterns of brain activation in areas of the brain that analyze sound, as well as areas that plan the motor movements required to produce speech.

At 7 months, infants responded equally to sounds from both English and Spanish.

“Babies are citizens of the world,” Dr. Patricia Kuhl, the lead researcher on the study, said. “They’re not committed to any language or any languages. They’re just open.”

At 11 months, however, the infants saw greater activation of the motor areas in the brain for English sounds. Kuhl said this suggests that as infants’ brains develop further, they focus in on sounds familiar to them.

“What we believe is happening is that the babies are dying to talk back,” Kuhl said. “It means that babies even at an early age are practicing and rehearsing and activating brains in a social way so that when we serve something to them, they’re attempting to volley back.”

These findings reinforce the importance of talking to your baby, instead of just plopping him or her in front of the television.

“When [babies] look at the TV set, they seem interested but their brains don’t learn,” Kuhl said. “Babies recognize and can distinguish the sounds only if they heard live speakers present to them – only if they were interacting socially.”

Dr. Gordon Ramsay, director of the spoken communication laboratory at the Marcus Autism Center in Atlanta, said multiple elements are at play when infants learn how to speak.

“The message for parents is that speech acquisition in infancy is built upon a scaffold of sensory experience, motor activity and social interaction,” Ramsay said. “All these components need to come together in the natural resonant coupling between child, caregiver and environment if every child is to progress along the path to spoken language.”

However, Ramsay says the study should have followed the same babies through the course of their development, rather than examining different 7-month-olds and 11- and 12-month-olds.

“Because developmental timing is so important, and there is so much variability and delay within children, it’s really important to do longitudinal studies,” Ramsay said.

soundoff (11 Responses)
  1. Ed Hahn

    Isn't this a science article? Oh yeah, I have to go to Fox for a science subsection.

    July 25, 2014 at 06:19 | Report abuse | Reply
  2. fernace

    My niece was saying simple words at the age of 8 month! She could say 'push' for microwave buttons, moo, for cows in neighbor's pasture, up, etc! She also walked unaided at 9 months! As a retired child care provider I'v seen first hand how important interaction w/your baby or baby in your care, is! They can smile at a familiar face by age 2 months & alert parents to people they don't like by age 6 moths, if you pay attention that is!!

    August 20, 2014 at 17:23 | Report abuse | Reply
  3. fernace

    I wonder why these obviously paid ads are allowed in the comment section? Is this why you have to sign in at a lot of blogs now??

    August 30, 2014 at 15:50 | Report abuse | Reply
  4. jen

    does anyone know where i can find the actual study?

    October 7, 2014 at 12:12 | Report abuse | Reply
    • Michael

      The article this is based off of can be found here: http://www.pnas.org/content/111/31/11238.full

      Here is the citation:

      Kuhl, P. K., Ramírez, R. R., Bosseler, A., Lin, J. L., & Toshiaki, I. (2014). Infants’ brain responses to speech suggest analysis by synthesis. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 111(31), 11238-11245. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1410963111

      December 12, 2014 at 21:24 | Report abuse |
  5. smartKid

    I think it makes intuitive sense that the quality of the language is critical to language learning. If I'm randomly saying the word "banana" to my infant, with no point of reference - such as showing her a banana, or while we are eating a banana, or even showing her a picture of a banana - then that would seem to miss the point. During the early days, the connection to speech and word are critical and must be made blatantly obvious to the child.

    The same may be said for when young babies are learning a foreign language. Context, no matter the language, is what makes it relevant. That's why I like the concept of Smart Coos ( http://www.smartcoos.com ) – they use baby sign language as a reference point to teaching a child a foreign language within the first 2000 days.

    In addition, commenter Michael Hays does make a good point, we should focus on very early childhood education (especially of the parents) in order to break the cycle if parents are educationally impoverished.

    October 22, 2014 at 09:03 | Report abuse | Reply
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    November 19, 2014 at 02:04 | Report abuse | Reply
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